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Ian Mikyska

(b Kyjov, 15 June 1981).Czech clarinetist. Studied at the Brno Conservatory with Břetislav Winkler and at the Academy of Performing Arts in Prague (AMU) with Jiří Hlaváč and Vlastimil Mareš, where he completed his PhD dissertation on the topic of the clarinet concerto repertoire in the 20th century. He also spent an important year with Michel Arrignon at the Paris Conservatoire....

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E. Bradley Strauchen-Scherer

(b New York, NY, 17 March 1922; d London, England, 12 Sept 1990). American ethnomusicologist and curator. Although born and reared in the Bronx, Jenkins portrayed herself as having been brought up in rural Arkansas surrounded by Ozark folk music. As a teenager, she learnt an extensive repertoire of folksongs and became active in American folk music circles. Like many folksingers of the era, Jenkins espoused socialism. She studied anthropology and musicology in Missouri but her support of trade unions and civil rights attracted the scrutiny of the FBI....

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Ancient Russian percussion plaque or disc, suspended from a tree. It was used for signalling in the monasteries of the Raskolniks (dissenters) up to the end of the 19th century.

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Clapperless bell of the Wumbu people of Gabon. It is reportedly made of iron, about 50 cm long, and held in the hand while struck with a beater.

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Clapperless iron bell of the Kaka people of the Central African Republic. It is struck with a wooden stick.

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J. Richard Haefer

Vessel rattle of the Flathead Indians of Montana, USA. It is made by cutting a piece of hide and sewing it into a spherical shape, 7 to 12 cm in diameter, with an extension about 10 cm long to wrap around a wooden handle. The hide is wetted and filled with wet sand, then moulded into shape and allowed to dry, and the sand emptied. Small pebbles are inserted as rattle elements, and the handle is secured to the base of the body. Normally the rattle is not decorated either with feathers or paint. When used for the ‘begging around camp’ ceremony it is called ...

Article

J. Richard Haefer

Rattle of the Aztec (Nahua) people of pre-Contact Mexico. It was a three-legged clay vase with clay pellets inside the hollow legs. The name also refers to other clay vessels containing seeds, stones, or other pellets. According to Molina (Vocabulario en lengua mexicana, 1571...

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J. Richard Haefer

Box drum especially of central and southern Mexico and the Caribbean. It is a hollow wooden box commonly about 45 cm square or somewhat rectangular, with a circular soundhole in one or two sides. The tapeadores (performers) strike the box with the flat of their hands, sometimes using a small piece of wood in one hand to increase the sound (a harp soundbox is also often struck by hand in Latin America). The practice supposedly developed with the ...

Article

George List and J. Richard Haefer

Transverse single reed instrument of the Colombia Caribbean costal area. Several types of hollowed-out canes can be used for the body: millo (or mijo, Panicoideae); sorgo (Sorghum vulgare, also called broomcorn); lata (Bactris minor). The tube, about 30 cm long and 6 to 8 cm in diameter, is open at both ends. Four equidistant fingerholes are pierced about 3 to 4 cm apart near the distal end (five holes in the Departamento de Córdoba). An idioglot reed 5 to 7 cm long by 2 cm wide is cut from the tube near the proximal end. The uncut end of the reed is wrapped in cord to prevent it from splitting off, and a single strand of string may be tied under the reed at the open end to hold the reed up from the body....

Article

Canari  

J. Richard Haefer

Guitar-like plucked chordophone of the Huichol (Wixáritari or Wirr’ariki) people of west-central Mexico. It is slightly larger than a violin. Typically the soundbox, neck (with four to six frets), nut, and pegboard are carved from a single piece of wood, and a thin piece of cedar serves as a soundtable; the soundbox is only slightly waisted or even oval. A bridge is attached to the soundtable using glue from a local plant. The four or five strings can be of metal, monofilament nylon, or gut. It is played with the ...