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Gabriel Banciu and Cristina Şuteu

Romanian music aesthetician and musicologist. He is considered the founder of musical aesthetics in Romania. Ştefan Angi studied at Cluj-Napoca Conservatory (1953–8) where his teachers included Márkos Albert (music theory), Jodál Gabor (harmony), Max Eisikovits (counterpoint), Jagamas János (forms), Földes László (aesthetics), Lakatos István and Benkő András (music history), Zsurka Péter (violin), Ana Voileanu-Nicoară (chamber music), Antonin Ciolan (orchestral ensemble), and Szenik Ilona (folklore). He then studied at Lomonosov Moscow State University (...

Article

Cristina Şuteu

Romanian musicologist and music aesthetician. He studied at Cluj-Napoca Conservatory (1976–81) where he joined the academic staff (in 1996), earned a doctorate on music aesthetics (1999), was pro-rector (2008–12), and became president of the Senate in 2012.

Owing to his multiple interests Banciu has been recognized as a member of several professional music associations (starting in ...

Article

Marie-Barbara Le Gonidec

(b Grenoble, France, 29 Feb 1928). French ethnomusicologist and organologist. She holds a doctorate from the University of Paris X Nanterre and was assistant professor at the Muséum national d’Histoire naturelle in Paris. In 1964 Dournon co-founded the Barthélémy Boganda National Museum in Bangui, Central African Republic, where she conducted research until ...

Article

Laurence Libin and Jessica L. Wood

Term introduced in the 20th century for instruments that had become obsolete but later were reintroduced as copies based on historical models. Some 19th-century antiquarians essayed earlier music on harpsichords, lutes, viols, recorders, and other types that had fallen out of production, for example in concerts organized by François-Joseph Fétis at the Paris Conservatoire from the mid-1830s, by Prince Albert at the court of Queen Victoria in ...

Article

Jonathan Pieslak

Music has always been a part of war. While much of music’s role throughout history has been to signal commands and maneuver troops, it also appears as a powerful way to inspire troops for combat, to boost morale, or even to intimidate an adversary. Plato believed that the Phrygian mode could incite aggressive behavior. In American history, George Washington felt that music was so important to the morale of his troops that he ordered drum and fife majors to improve the quality of music or suffer a deduction in wages....

Article

J. Bradford Young

Music libraries classify and arrange their collections by content according to one of several systems. The M schedule of the Library of Congress (LC) Classification, developed by oscar g.t. Sonneck in 1902, is the most widely used. It was taken up by many other libraries to reduce cataloging costs, when the Library of Congress increased the distribution of its printed catalog cards. The Dewey decimal classification (DDC), still in use especially in public libraries, did not distinguish music from music literature until ...

Article

Lodewijk Muns

(b Nijmegen, Netherlands, Aug 4, 1812; d Delft, Netherlands, Nov 1, 1896). Dutch musician, music historian, and instrument collector. The son of a musician and instrument seller, he studied flute and violin at the conservatory of The Hague. After positions as an orchestra musician in the Court Chapel and the French Opera of The Hague, with the Casino Paganini in Paris, and as a conductor at the opera of Metz, he returned in ...

Article

Quire  

An archaic spelling of the word ‘choir’ (see Choir.

Article

Stephen M. Fry

The study of postage stamps and related items containing musical allusions in the pictorial design or text. The most popular philatelic items produced by the United States Postal Service (USPS) are regular-issue and special-issue stamps, pre-stamped postcards and envelopes, cancellation marks, first-day covers, and souvenir sheets. The stamps may be issued individually or in series, and may include commemoratives, which honor individuals, organizations, activities, and historical events. They can be printed in sets, booklets, sheets, or coils (continuous rolls), and be issued with descriptive booklets, art prints, CDs and other collectibles. Christmas and Easter seals and similar materials not issued by the USPS and vanity stamps (custom photo stamps issued under USPS licensing) are also popular collectibles but do not fall within the scope of this article....

Article

An international annotated index of periodical literature dealing with music from approximately 1800 to 1950. The importance of the press as a major documentary resource has long been recognized by the musicological community; RIPM represents the first effort to undertake and to coordinate retrospective periodical indexing on an international scale. RIPM is a multilingual publication and is published in three formats: in print, online and on CD-ROM. RIPM is one of four international cooperative bibliographic undertakings in music, alongside ...