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(b Copenhagen, Sept 10, 1655; d ?Copenhagen, June 11, 1738). Danish anatomist, doctor of medicine, and polymath. Scion of a famous family of doctors and natural philosophers, he began medical studies with his father in 1671 and three years later was appointed professor of philosophy by King Christian IV. He then travelled for several years, and working in Paris with the anatomist Joseph Guichard Duverney, he first described ‘Bartholin’s glands’ in a cow. Returning to Copenhagen, he took up medical practice and taught medicine and anatomy. In ...

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( b Sparneck, Upper Franconia, Oct 1, 1730; d Hof, Jan 8, 1782). German critic and writer on organ building . He was a postal clerk in Hof and, after 1764, accountant at the Vierling bookshop. He was a member of several scientific and economic societies and his contact with distinguished organ builders (such as J.A. Silbermann) enabled him to acquire a thorough knowledge of organ building. Ludwig was a friend and business partner of G.A. Sorge (whom he supported in his polemical arguments, interspersed with personal insults, with F.W. Marpurg), and probably wrote the pamphlet ...