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A reduction of an orchestral score to two or a few more staves with the parts for transposing instruments notated at sounding pitch and all entrances of the different instruments cued. Band scores are often printed in this form, which is also known as ‘condensed score’. ...

Article

Howard Mayer Brown and Martin Renshaw

A section of a verse, usually of two or three syllables, one of which carries the ictus or principal stress. For example, an unaccented (or short) followed by an accented (or long) syllable (□-) comprises an iambic foot.

Article

A rest for the whole orchestra, usually unexpected and sometimes marked with the letters ‘GP’.

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A piano arrangement of ensemble music for voices, or for voices and instruments; particularly an arrangement of an opera or oratorio with the vocal parts left intact and the orchestral accompaniment reduced for piano; see also Score.

Article

David Fuller

An adjective or noun referring to an essential instrumental part. The term is often used for a part ranking in importance just below the principal melody and not to be omitted. Obbligato is the opposite of Ad libitum when the latter qualifies the mention of a part in a title. On the title-page of Corelli's ...

Article

A score in which each individual voice of a polyphonic composition is assigned a separate staff (see Score and Organ score).

Article

Peter Williams and Christopher Kent

Most notably since c 1750, when London publishers began issuing Handel's oratorios in two-stave reductions for solo organ, the term has denoted an abbreviated arrangement of a work for whose original instrumentation the organ stands as substitute. The practice grew in the 19th century, initially through the publications of Vincent Novello, which included organ scores of Haydn's masses. Previously, the term had two more important usages: (i) an open score (very often in four parts) of a piece of organ music, particularly of a serious or contrapuntal nature, from Frescobaldi's ricercares to Bach's ...

Article

Primo  

In piano duets, the part for the player seated on the right and playing the upper parts of the piece.

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Sextus  

A sixth part in vocal or instrumental polyphony, particularly in the 16th and 17th centuries, when such music was published in partbooks. See Partbooks and Quintus.

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Bar-line. See Strich.