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Article

Down-bow. See Bow, §II .

Article

Up-bow. See Bow, §II, 2(i) .

Article

In string playing, denotes ‘up-bow’. See Abstrich. See also Bow, §II, 2(i) .

Article

Ian Harwood

(1) Originally this term denoted the nut (see Nut) of a fretted instrument such as the lute or guitar; it is now generally used to describe a device to shorten the string length, thus facilitating upward transposition without altered fingering. (It is also the term used in Italian writings to describe the stopping of general strings at once by one finger; ...

Article

A type of bowstroke. See Bow, §II, 3(iv).

Article

Echo  

Murray Campbell and Mary Térey-Smith

The repetition of sound after a short time interval. In addition to the applications discussed below the term is used for a signal-processing device (also known as a delay) that produces a slightly delayed playback of sounds either by a tape loop or by digital delay; ...

Article

Edwin M. Ripin

A term sometimes used today for the piano of the 18th and early 19th centuries in order to distinguish it from the 20th-century instrument. German writers sometimes use the terms ‘Hammerklavier’ and ‘Hammerflügel’ for the same purpose. See Pianoforte, §I, 1, Pianoforte, §I, 6, Pianoforte, §I, 7...

Article

Gerhard Kubik

Term coined by Gerhard Kubik in 1965 for a type of acoustic guitar music that had developed in the late 1940s and early 1950s along the Copperbelt mining area in Katanga (southern Belgian Congo) and Northern Rhodesia. Its main exponents include the guitar music composers ...

Article

A kind of ornament. See Ornaments, §7 .

Article

An instruction to a string player to execute a passage or piece on one string. The effect was first used by Paganini in his Sonata Napoleone (1807).