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Theodore Karp

(b c1175; d c1230). Provençal troubadour. According to his vida, he was the son of a Toulouse cloth merchant (Peguilhan is a village in the Haute Garonne, near Saint Gaudens). He was apparently a wanderer who was received at many courts in southern France, Spain and northern Italy. Raimon V of Toulouse may have been his first patron, while others may have included Guilhem de Bergadan, Gaston VI of Béarn, Bernard IV of Comminges, Pedro II of Aragon, Alfonso VIII of Castile, Guillaume IV of Montferrat, Marquis Guilhem of Malaspina and Azzo VI and Beatrice d'Este. Aimeric's poetry, which includes chansons, sirventes, ...

Article

Owen Wright

(fl first half of the 11th century). Arab musician and writer. The son of an eminent musician, he became a prominent singer at the Cairo court of the Fatimid caliph al-Ẓāhir (1021–36), and was still active as a teacher in 1057...

Article

Maria V. Coldwell

(fl late 12th century). Troubadour. She exchanged a tenso with Giraut de Bornelh, S’ieus quier conseil, bel’ amig’ Alamanda (PC 242.69). The music survives in one manuscript ( F-Pn f.f. 22543, f.8r; ed. in H. van der Werf and G. Bond: The Extant Troubadour Melodies...

Article

Sarah Fuller

(fl 1146–1177). French cantor. He was probably from Estampes originally, but from about 1146 to 1177 he was cantor at Notre Dame, Paris. He left a substantial bequest of liturgical books to the cathedral. The sole, uncorroborated, trace of his compositional activity is a two-voice conductus, ...

Article

Theodore Karp

(fl c1170–1200). Provençal troubadour. He was apparently born at Mareuil-sur-Belle in the diocese of Périgord. According to his romanticized biography, he was by profession a scribe and notary, but abandoned his poorly paid duties in favour of a more enjoyable existence as troubadour; in the latter capacity he was first at the court of Roger II, Viscount of Béziers, and his wife Adelaide, and afterwards at the court of William VIII, Count of Montpellier. Of the 26 chansons attributed to him, six survive with music; 13 more works are ascribed to him in various sources, but are not likely to be his. In addition, he wrote both ...

Article

Maria V. Coldwell

( fl mid-12th century). Troubadour . According to her vida, Azalais was from the region of Montpellier, and the lover of Gui Guerrejat, brother of Guillaume VII of Montpellier. Only one of her poems, without music, is extant.

M. Bogin: The Women Troubadours (New York, 1976), 94–7, 166–7...

Article

Benoit  

Pamela F. Starr

(fl 1436–55). French singer and composer. He was probably from the archdiocese of Sens in Haute-Bourgogne. His works appear in 15th-century musical sources under the name Benoit, but an authoritative papal document identifies him as Benedictus Sirede. He is first documented in 1436–7...

Article

Ian D. Bent

(fl c1261). English singer. One of three Englishmen described by the late 13th-century theorist Anonymus 4 as ‘good singers’ of mensural polyphony, who sang with great refinement (‘valde deliciose’). The theorist referred to him as ‘Blakesmit, at the court of the late King Henry [III]’. He was clerk of the king's chapel in ...

Article

Robert Falck and John Haines

(b Autafort [now Hautefort], ?1150; d Dalon, nr Hautefort, before 1215). Troubadour. His birthplace was in the Périgord region of the former province of Limousin; he was lord of the family castle at Autafort. In about 1195 he entered the Cistercian monastery at Dalon, Ste Trie, and remained there until his death. He is probably best known for his praise of military and political exploits; in the eighth circle of Dante’s ...

Article

Stephen Haynes and Gwynn Spencer McPeek

(fl before 1190–after 1220). Troubadour. According to the brief medieval vida, he was a knight from the diocese of Puy-Ste-Marie-en-Velay (Haute-Loire). He can probably be identified with the Pontius de Capitolio who is documented from 1195 to 1220 in relation to his wife's property of Vertaizon, and who seems to have died by ...

Article

Cardot  

Tom R. Ward

(b Rouen, c1380; d Brussels, Feb 25, 1470). French singer and composer. He was a priest, and appears as a singer in the Burgundian chapel between 1415 and 1419. He was in the Papal Chapel from 1422 to 1425. In 1422 he received a canonry in Notre Dame in Ligny and also became rector of St Willibrodus, near Antwerp. He later held ecclesiastical offices in Beauvais, Picquigny and possibly Rouen. By ...

Article

Maria V. Coldwell

( fl early 13th century). Troubadour . A noblewoman from the Auvergne, she was the wife of Turc de Mairona. Three of her poems are extant, but without music. See also Troubadours, trouvères, §I, 3 , I, 3.

M. Bogin: The Women Troubadours (New York, 1976), 118–29,175...

Article

Elizabeth Aubrey

(fl 1149–70). Troubadour. He was possibly the son of a burgher in Alvergne, and may have sought the patronage of the counts of Barcelona, Provence and Toulouse. His famous sirventes, Chantarai d’aquest trobadors (whose melody does not survive), satirizes several contemporaries, including Raimbaut d’Aurenga, Giraut de Bornelh and Bernart de Ventadorn. The song was once thought to have been composed in conjunction with the procession from Bordeaux to Tarazona in ...

Article

Theodore Karp

( fl 1214–40). Provençal troubadour . Two works are ascribed to this poet, probably identifiable with Pons I d’Ortaffa (in the vicinity of Perpignan), who appears in documents of 1214 and 1240. Si ay perdut mon saber (PC 379.2; of contested authorship) survives with music. In bar form, the melody is interesting for the manner in which it develops in the cauda the opening motif of the second phrase....

Article

Ian R. Parker

(b c1170; d before 1225). Troubadour. He, his two brothers Eble and Peire and his cousin Elias were seigneurs of the fortress of Ussel-sur-Sarzonne (Corrèze). According to his vida, Gui renounced his seigneurie in exchange for canonries at Brioude (Haute-Loire) and Montferrand (now Clermont-Ferrand). The ...

Article

(b Riberác, ?1150–60; d c1200). Troubadour. Famed as a master of the difficult style, or trobar ric, he brought the poetic style of the troubadours to new heights. His most notable admirers have included Dante, Petrarch, and, much later, Ezra Pound. In canto xxvi of the ...

Article

(fl c1250–80). French trouvère. The approximate period of Gillebert's activity can be deduced from references in his poems to prominent nobles and figures within the Arras poetic circle (Berneville is situated 7 km south-west of Arras). Among his four jeux-partis, Henri III, Duke of Brabant, and Thomas Herier appear as partners, while Charles d'Anjou, Raoul de Soissons, the Châtelain de Beaumetz, Hue d'Arras and a countess, possibly Béatrice de Brabant (sister of Henri III and widow of Guillaume de Dampierre) appear as judges. Dedicatees of chansons by Gillebert include Charles d'Anjou, Huitace de Fontaines, Béatrice d'Audenarde and Colart le Boutellier. Apparently his poetry was much appreciated: ...

Article

Theodore Karp

(b c 1165; d after 1236).French trouvère. His forebears had participated in the First Crusade in 1099, and he himself took part in the Third Crusade (1189). His name appears as witness or principal in documents of 1195, 1201, 1206...

Article

Robert Falck

(b ?Marseilles, c1150–60; d Toulouse, Dec 25, 1231). Troubadour. According to his vida he was born in Marseilles and was the son of a Genoese merchant named Amfos. His name first appears in a document in Marseilles dated 23 January 1178, where the reference is to ‘Fulco Anfos’; the possibility that he was born in Genoa, however, cannot be discredited. The ...

Article

Ian R. Parker

(b ?Palol, nr Elna [Elne]; fl 12th century). Troubadour. He is traditionally considered to be one of the first Catalan troubadours. He was born in the comté of Roussillon, and was in the service of Jaufre III, Count of Roussillon, who died in ...