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Albert T. Luper and Manuel Pedro Ferreira

(fl 1440–71). Portuguese court musician. He was a singer in the royal chapel sometime between 1440 and 1446. A letter of 1452 identifies him as mestre de capela of Afonso V. At an uncertain date, but certainly before 1461, King Afonso V (ruled ...

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(b Péronne; d St Quentin, c1530–40). Franco-Flemish singer. He is possibly identifiable with the composer Alart.

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Isabel Pope and Tess Knighton

(fl1482). Iberian composer. He was a singer in the Aragonese royal chapel of Ferdinand V over a period of almost 30 years, from 1482 until 1510. He was presented to various ecclesiastical benefices under royal patronage and held, presumably by proxy, the position of head chaplain of the Dominican monastery in Madrid until ...

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William F. Prizer

(b c1470; d 1524). Sienese composer, singer and priest. Ansanus can now be identified as Sano di Goro, the son of a Sienese wool shearer, who is first recorded as a clerk in the cathedral of Siena in March 1484. He joined the chapel as a chorister in ...

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(b c1480–88; d after 1558). South Netherlandish composer and singer. The earliest known archival documents mention him in 1518 as a singer and in 1519 as the choirmaster at St Jacob in Bruges. After 1519, contemporary publications by Attaingnant and Moderne are the only source of evidence of his activity until ...

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Joshua Rifkin and Richard Sherr

(b ?Montigny-le-Roi; fl 1510–23). French composer and singer. Under the name of ‘Jehan Barat’ he was an haut-contre at the Ste Chapelle, Paris, in 1510–12. As ‘Jean Barat dit Hottinet’ he was maître de chapelle of Langres Cathedral from 1512 to at least ...

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Christoph Petzsch and Martin Kirnbauer

(b Sülzbach, nr Weinsberg, Württemberg, 1420; d Sülzbach, 1472–9). German poet and Meistersinger. After training under his father, a weaver, he entered the service of the imperial chamberlain, Konrad von Weinsberg, as a singer (‘fürtreter’) in the 1440s. He named as his models Muskatblüt, whom he probably met in Konrad's household, and Heinrich von Mügeln. He performed his own songs mostly at royal and noble households in southern Germany in which he was employed: the court of Albrecht Achilles, Margrave of Brandenburg, in Ansbach (...

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Benoit  

Pamela F. Starr

(fl 1436–55). French singer and composer. He was probably from the archdiocese of Sens in Haute-Bourgogne. His works appear in 15th-century musical sources under the name Benoit, but an authoritative papal document identifies him as Benedictus Sirede. He is first documented in 1436–7...

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(fl 1510–20). French singer and maître de chapelle, probably to be identified with the composer Hylaire Hylaire.

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( b Asti, c 1480; d before 1525).Soprano singer and composer , active in Italy. He was one of the most famous singers of his time; Castiglione described his manner of singing as one that was ‘so skilled, quick, vehement, impassioned, and has such various melodies that the spirits of his listeners are stirred and are so entranced that they seem to be uplifted to heaven’. Similar encomia can be found in other writings. A member of the Savoy chapel from ...

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Lewis Lockwood and John T. Brobeck

(d shortly before Jan 22, 1512). French singer and composer. Several musicians were known by this sobriquet. Braconnier ‘dit Lourdault’ was a member of three important musical establishments of the late 15th and early 16th century. He entered the service of Duke René II of Lorraine no later than ...

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(b ?Lowaige [now Lauw], Belgium, c1400–05; d before Oct 22, 1455). South Netherlandish composer and singer. The fact that he celebrated his first mass as a priest in 1426 suggests a date of birth of about 1400–05, while the designation ‘de Ludo’ sometimes appended to his name is thought to indicate that he was born in the village of Lowaige in the province of Limburg. Throughout his career he had close ties with Liège, where he held benefices at several churches. His earliest and most important connections were with the church of St Jean l'Evangeliste (from ...

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Lewis Lockwood and David M. Kidger

(fl late 15th century; d before Feb 12, 1479). French singer and composer, active in Italy. In November 1471 he was listed under the name ‘fra Zoane de Franza cantadore’ among the first singers hired by Duke Ercole I d’Este of Ferrara for his newly founded court chapel. In the following year he is listed in court records as ‘fra Zoanne Biribis, maestro de cappella’. In ...

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David Fallows

(d 1481). Franco-Flemish singer and composer. He was chaplain in the Burgundian court chapel from December 1442 to 1479, and he also held a prebend ‘pro nobili’ at Cambrai Cathedral from 5 November 1451 to 17 November 1452 ( F-CA 1046, f.143v...

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(b ?Noyon; d after 1521). French singer and composer. He described himself in an unpublished document ( I-Rvat Archivio Segreto Vaticano, Registra supplicationum 1425, ff.24v–25r) as a cleric of the diocese of Noyon and as the illegitimate son of a priest and a single woman. As he is identified as a cleric of Noyon in other documents, he would appear to have been French, even though he once received a dispensation from Pope Leo X allowing him to take possession of benefices in Geneva and Lyons without being able to speak the language common in those dioceses (but as Bragard has pointed out, this may not have been the same French that was spoken in northern France). He may have been the Antonio Brugier who was in the Milanese court chapel in ...

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William F. Prizer

(b Verona, c1465; d Mantua, 1525). Italian composer, singer and lutenist. With Bartolomeo Tromboncino he was one of the two most important composers of frottolas in the early 16th century. During his career he was the central figure in music at the Mantuan court, establishing the way for such composers as Jacquet of Mantua, Giaches de Wert and, eventually, Claudio Monteverdi....

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Cardot  

Tom R. Ward

(b Rouen, c1380; d Brussels, Feb 25, 1470). French singer and composer. He was a priest, and appears as a singer in the Burgundian chapel between 1415 and 1419. He was in the Papal Chapel from 1422 to 1425. In 1422 he received a canonry in Notre Dame in Ligny and also became rector of St Willibrodus, near Antwerp. He later held ecclesiastical offices in Beauvais, Picquigny and possibly Rouen. By ...

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Stanley Boorman and Eric Jas

(b ’s-Hertogenbosch, c1459; d ?Spain, 26 March – 16 May 1503). South Netherlandish singer and composer, son of Nycasius de Clibano. Like his brother Jan, he was a singer of the Illustre Lieve Vrouwe Broederschap (Confraternity of Our Lady) at St Jan in ’s-Hertogenbosch from ...

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Stanley Boorman and Eric Jas

(fl 1457–97; d 's-Hertogenbosch, 9–14 Oct 1497). ?South Netherlandish singer and composer, father of Jheronimus de Clibano. In 1457 he became a singer of the Illustre Lieve Vrouwe Broederschap (Confraternity of Our Lady) at St Jan in 's-Hertogenbosch; he served there for the rest of his life. He married in ...

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Robert Stevenson

(d Coimbra, after 1532). Portuguese composer and singer. In 1515 he was a clergyman and a singer in the household of Jorge de Almeida, Bishop of Coimbra from 1483 to 1543. Two works by him are known to survive: the Missa ‘Orbis factor’...