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Roger Bowers

(b c1420; d 1497). English church musician. He was noted as a fine singer and skilful organist. After service in the household of Humphrey, Duke of Gloucester (until 1447), and as a lay clerk of Eton College (1447–51), where he was one of the four clerks specially responsible for singing polyphony in the college chapel, he became a clerk of the Chapel Royal in ...

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Isabel Pope and Tess Knighton

(fl1482). Iberian composer. He was a singer in the Aragonese royal chapel of Ferdinand V over a period of almost 30 years, from 1482 until 1510. He was presented to various ecclesiastical benefices under royal patronage and held, presumably by proxy, the position of head chaplain of the Dominican monastery in Madrid until ...

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William F. Prizer

(b c1470; d 1524). Sienese composer, singer and priest. Ansanus can now be identified as Sano di Goro, the son of a Sienese wool shearer, who is first recorded as a clerk in the cathedral of Siena in March 1484. He joined the chapel as a chorister in ...

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(b Niederhaslach, Alsace, c1450; d Rome, May 16, 1506). Alsatian Cleric and liturgist. Born in a town near Strasbourg, Burkhard began his ecclesiastical career in that city. By 1467 he was in Rome, where he rose through the ranks of the papal curia. An assiduous collector of benefices and curial offices, he passed through the households of various cardinals to become a member of the papal household and, as of ...

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Margaret Bent and Roger Bowers

(b c1385, d 1442). English church musician and composer. Nine compositions in the Old Hall Manuscript are attributed to ‘Cooke’ and one piece preserved anonymously there may also be assigned to him; a further, unclear attribution may read ‘J. Cooke’. The name Cooke was common, and it is possible that this music includes works by more than one composer so named. Most if not all, however, is probably attributable to the John Cooke who, as almost certainly a former chorister of the Chapel Royal, was sent from a very junior clerkship there to study at King’s Hall, Cambridge, in ...

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Hans-Christian Müller and Hans-Otto Korth

(b Hof an der Saale, c1485; d after 1546). German Kantor and composer. A member of a respected family of Hof, he matriculated on 16 October 1501 at Leipzig University where he took the Bachelor of Arts and later the Bachelor of Both Laws degrees. He then seems to have entered the church: having made an unsuccessful application to Zwickau, he was made provost of the Benedictine monastery at Steterburg, near Brunswick, in ...

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Roger Bowers

(fl ?Salisbury, 1424–68). English church musician and composer. He is probably to be identified with Robert Dryffelde, who was admitted as priest vicar-choral of Salisbury Cathedral on 9 November 1424 and remained in that office until 1468; from 1428 to 1435 he served in addition as Instructor of the Choristers. A paired setting of Sanctus and Agnus Dei (only the latter is ascribed) survives in, respectively, ...

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Roger Bowers

(b c1415; d Wells, 1459). English church musician and composer. He is probably to be identified with the John Garnesey who served as a vicar choral of Wells Cathedral from 1443 to 1458 and (most unusually) was promoted to a residentiary canonry there just a year prior to his death in ...

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Lawrence Gushee and Michael McGrade

(fl 1071–98). Priest and writer of sequences. He is perhaps best remembered for his notarial work in the chancery of Emperor Henry IV, whom he served from 1071 to 1084. During his service at the court he drafted a series of epistles that defended the king's right of episcopal investiture; these letters formed the core of a propaganda campaign waged against Pope Gregory VII, who sought to curb lay participation in the administration of the Church. Aspects of Gottschalk's political allegiance can be detected in one of his compositions, the sequence ...

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(b c1465; d before 1515). English musician. He became a chorister at St George's Chapel, Windsor, in 1474, and was a scholar at Eton College (1479–83). In 1483 he became a clerk at King's College, Cambridge, and later a scholar there. In ...

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Roger Bowers

(b c1455; d after 1520). English church musician and composer. In 1474 there was a clerk of that name in the choir of the collegiate church of Westbury-on-Trym, near Bristol. In June 1484 Hampton became master and organist of the Lady Chapel choir at Worcester Cathedral, retaining this position until ...

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Roger Bowers

(b c1465; d 1513–19). English church musician and composer. During 1476–7 he was a chorister of Holy Trinity College, Arundel; he appears from 1485 to 1504 as one of the lay clerks of the choir there, and during 1490–91 as Instructor of the Choristers. Settings of ...

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John Caldwell and Roger Bray

(b c1475; d London, April 3, 1523). English or Welsh priest and composer. On 4 January 1499 he requested an allowance from the monastery of Thetford, which passed to William Cornysh upon his death. He was a priest in the Chapel Royal in ...

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(b ?Cremona, c1470; d after 1520). Italian composer and priest. He is listed as ‘clericus Cremonensis’ in the records of Cividale del Friuli Cathedral, a fact that calls into question Ambros's claim that he was born in Vatellina or elsewhere in the Tyrol, and Disertori's that he was born at Laurana in Venetian territory. He was resident in Rome during the late 15th and early 16th centuries; he wrote ...

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Roger Bowers

( bc 1480; d ?Hereford, by Feb 2, 1548). English church musician and composer . He may have been a lay clerk of the choir of Eton College from June 1501 to Christmas 1506 and in February 1509 was awarded the BMus at Oxford, having resided in the University for one year. At about the same time he took orders as a priest. From ...

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John M. Ward

( fl 1507–39). Italian organist. According to his contemporary, Marino Sanuto, he was a Crutched friar . He was a pupil of Paul Hofhaimer and became first organist of S Marco, Venice, from 1507 to 1516. With the doge's permission, he left Venice for London in ...

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William F. Prizer

(b ?Milan, c1480; d after 1537). Italian composer, organist and singer. He was a priest. His name indicates that he was born in or around Milan. He was maestro di cappella and organist at S Michele, Lucca from 1512 to 1514, with a salary of 50 ducats a year. In ...

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William F. Prizer

(b Verona, c1470; d, May 1528). Italian priest, composer, singer and lutenist. With Tromboncino and Cara, he was one of the most important frottola composers. He was born in Verona in about 1470, the son of Alberto and Umilia Pesenti. Since he was a priest, he must have studied at the Scuola degli Accoliti in his native city, an institution founded by Pope Eugene IV that produced other cleric-composers, among them Marchetto Cara. Pesenti’s first known position was in Ferrara, where he served Cardinal Ippolito I d’Este, acting as a procurer of music and instruments as well as a lutenist, singer and composer. Already in ...

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F.J. León Tello

( fl late 15th century). Spanish priest and music theorist . Born possibly in Valencia or Tortosa, he is usually identified with the Guillermo de Puig who was curate of S Catalina, Alzira, from 1479 to 1488. A Guillermo Molins de Podio held a benefice at Barcelona Cathedral, and was a chaplain to John II of Aragon in ...

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John Bergsagel and Roger Bowers

(b c1491). English church musician and composer. He was admitted a chorister to St George’s Chapel, Windsor, in 1499, and was still there in 1504. On 1 March 1510 he became a clerk of the choir of King’s College, Cambridge, and left between Michaelmas ...