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Giovanni Carli Ballola and Roberta Montemorra Marvin

(b Alessandria, March 20, 1851; d Alessandria, May 2, 1894). Italian organist and composer. He began his musical studies with his stepfather, Pietro Cornaglia. From 1868 to 1871 he attended the Milan Conservatory, studying the piano with Antonio Angeleri and composition with Lauro Rossi and Mazzucato. His graduation exercise, the cantata ...

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Nicholas Temperley

(b London, Sept 5, 1785; d London, Sept 15, 1858). English organist and composer. At 11 years of age he began to study music under Thomas Busby. He became organist at Carlisle Chapel, Lambeth (1802), at St Paul's, Deptford (1814...

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Maria Eckhardt

(b Mosonszentjános, April 20, 1789; d Buda, 1862). Hungarian composer. From 1800 to 1827 he was a church musician in Győr. In 1827 he went to Pest-Buda, where he became a founding member of the Táborsky String Quartet (playing second violin). In 1838...

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Siegfried Gmeinwieser

(b Wasserburg am Inn, Feb 23, 1779; d Munich, May 6, 1867). German composer. Although his first contact with music may well have been through the choirmaster of St Jakob in Wasserburg, Johann Sebastian Dietz (1711—93), Aiblinger received his first musical training at the Benedictine Abbey at Tegernsee. In ...

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Kathleen Dale and Axel Helmer

(b Stockholm, Jan 19, 1860; d Stockholm, Jan 20, 1938). Swedish composer, organist and conductor. He attended the Swedish Royal Academy of Music (1882–6), studying counterpoint and composition with J. Dente, and was a pupil of Franck in Paris (1887–8...

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(b Spanish Basque region, c1755; d San Sebastián, June 23, 1831). Spanish composer and theorist. After serving as maestro de capilla in San Sebastián, he took up the same post in Logroño collegiate church during the French invasion (1795). Five years later he returned to San Sebastián as ...

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(b Meadow, TN, Oct 24, 1867; d Birmingham, England, Oct 13, 1920). American revivalist and publisher. He attended Maryville College, Tennessee, and the Moody Bible Institute, Chicago; in 1893 he assisted Moody in his revival at the World’s Colombian Exposition in Chicago. From ...

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Dennis Libby and Emanuele Senici

(b Rome, June 29, 1801; d Rome, June 12, 1863). Italian musicologist and composer. Ordained a Roman priest in 1823, his life was entirely directed towards the deliverance of liturgical music from what he saw as the debased theatrical style of contemporary composers and the neglect and incompetence of singers and organists in regard to Gregorian chant and Renaissance music. He contributed most importantly to this goal through his editions, particularly the ...

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Walter Hüttel

(b Freiberg, Saxony, Oct 17, 1790; d Freiberg, Aug 21, 1854). German Kantor and composer. He studied at the Freiberg Gymnasium, then at Leipzig University, where he took the master’s degree. He continued his education with J.G. Schicht, W.F. Riem, G.C. Härtel and Friedrich Schneider and lived in Leipzig as a singer, pianist and music teacher. In ...

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Bernarr Rainbow

(b Norwich, Aug 15, 1836; d Durham, Feb 10, 1908). English cathedral organist, teacher and composer. After training as a chorister at Norwich Cathedral (1846–8) and at Rochester Cathedral (1848–50) Armes became pupil-assistant to J.L. Hopkins at Rochester (...

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Ferenc Bónis

(b Paks, June 6, 1781; d Szabadka [now Subotica, Serbia], Oct 25, 1848). Hungarian composer and church musician. He studied music with his father József Arnold (1751–96), cantor of the Catholic church in Hajós, and Pál Pöhm, cathedral choirmaster in Kalocsa. In ...

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Margaret Cayward

(b Cubo de Bureba, Burgos, Spain, Apr 29, 1780; d Mission Santa Inés, CA, Sept 20, 1840). Spanish musician and Franciscan missionary to Alta California. He entered the Franciscan order in Burgos in 1796, and in 1804 was ordained to the priesthood. He sailed for New Spain in ...

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Paul C. Echols

(b Detroit, MI, Feb 19, 1803; d New Haven, CT, Dec 23, 1881). American author of hymn texts and hymnbook compiler. The son of a missionary to the Native Americans, he was educated at Yale University and Andover Theological Seminary. While at Andover he compiled a small pamphlet containing 101 missionary hymns, three of them his own: entitled ...

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Bernarr Rainbow

(b London, Oct 15, 1834; d London, Oct 17, 1891). English church musician, writer and musical educationist. He was trained as a chorister at St Paul's Cathedral between 1846 and 1849, and worked first as a commercial artist and journalist; but in 1859...

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Arthur D. Walker

(b Berkeley, Glos., Nov 29, 1831; d Purton, nr Berkeley, June 12, 1911). English music critic and writer. He attended singing classes at Berkeley Town Hall, was solo boy in the parish church choir, and also studied the organ, violin, viola and cello. He was a church organist in Margate from ...

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E.D. Mackerness

(b Carlisle, Aug 13, 1826; d Liverpool, May 10, 1897). English organist. He abandoned a career as a civil engineer to take up music professionally some time after 1840, and held appointments at churches in Liverpool before becoming organist to the Liverpool Philharmonic Society in ...

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William J. Gatens

(b London, Aug 6, 1861; d Stoke Newington, London, April 10, 1913). English antiquarian and writer on cathedral music and ecclesiology. He was the son of Benjamin Bumpus, a London bookseller, and the twin brother of Thomas Francis Bumpus (d Stoke Newington, ...

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Vernon Gotwals and Judi Caldwell

(b Bloomfield, NJ, March 2, 1865; d New York, Dec 8, 1936). American organist. A pupil of Samuel P. Warren, he became organist of First Presbyterian Church in Newark, New Jersey, in 1882. Later (c1890) he studied in Paris with Alexandre Guilmant, and in ...

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Almonte Howell

(fl 1786–1815). Spanish liturgist, organist and composer. A pupil of José Lidón, he served in Madrid as organist to the royal convent of his order, the Carmelitas Calzados. In 1789 his two-volume Ritual carmelitano appeared; it included an erudite introduction to Gregorian chant (useful for clarifying the traditional terminology of Spanish theory) and detailed information on the organ mass practice. His ...

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Helmut Kallmann

(b Norwich, c1796; d Quebec, Oct 6, 1852). Canadian organist of English birth. A pupil of Beckwith and Crotch, Codman went to Quebec in 1816 to become organist at the Anglican Cathedral of the Holy Trinity, a position he occupied until 1852...