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Owen Wright

(b Denia, Spain, 1067; d Mahdia, Tunisia, 1134). Arab scientist and philosopher. His works, mainly on scientific topics, are said to have included a now lost Risāla fī al-mūsīqī (‘Treatise on music’). It is presumably from this that a surviving anonymous Hebrew translation was made which suggests that it originally formed part of the mathematical section (quadrivium) of an encyclopedia. It deals with the standard topics of definitions, intervals, tetrachord species, instruments and rhythm, and is largely derived from ...

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Paula Morgan

(b Hohoe, Sept 28, 1956). American musicologist and music theorist, of Ghanaian birth. He studied at Reading University (1974–7) and with Arnold Whittall at King’s College, London (1977–8), where he took the MMus in analysis. He took the doctorate under Leonard Ratner at Stanford University (...

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Warren Anderson and Thomas J. Mathiesen

(b Naucratis, Egypt; fl c200 ce). Greek grammarian and encyclopedist. He settled in Rome at the beginning of the 3rd century ce. None of his works has survived except the Deipnosophistai, a vast compendium in 15 extant books, probably written after 192 ...

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(b Kissy (nr Freetown), Sierra Leone, March 14, 1893; d ?Sierra Leone, 1961). African ethnomusicologist and composer. Missionaries changed Ballanta, the grandfather’s African surname, to Taylor. Nicholas George’s father, Gustavus, hyphenated the name, under which the son published. He sang and played the organ at St. Patrick’s Chapel, Kissy, as a youth. In ...

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Christian Poché

(b Fès, June 6, 1897; d Casablanca, 1982). Moroccan musicologist. Born into a wealthy merchant's family, he began work as a trader, and founded his own company. He settled in Casablanca, where he studied Islamic hymnology, the piano and the ‘ūd. In 1958...

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(b Meknes, 1931). Moroccan musicologist. After completing his musical training in Morocco and later in Paris (1959), he was appointed director of the Conservatory in Meknes (1979–97). He writes on Moroccan music, focussing on Arab-Andalusian music, known in Morocco as Andalusian-Maghrebian music. He has tried to link the opinion of current practitioners and their colloquial terminology for musical vocabulary to the historical roots preserved in old treatises, which resulted in his publishing a dictionary on Andalusian-Maghrebian music (...

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Doris J. Dyen

(b Algiers, Aug 13, 1891). French ethnomusicologist. He studied music theory, composition and the viola, and took a diploma in classical Arabic. After World War I he moved to Rabat, where he was director of the Conservatory of Moroccan Music (1929–39, 1956–9...

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(b Great Barrington, MA, Feb 23, 1868; d Accra, Ghana, Aug 27, 1963). American writer and social activist. He attended Fisk University (BA 1888), Harvard University (BA 1890, PhD 1895), and the University of Berlin, cultivating music enthusiastically as a choral singer and concertgoer. Beginning with ...

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Christian Poché

(b Dundît, April 14, 1896; d Cairo, March 29, 1973). Egyptian musicologist. He was sent by his father to Berlin to study medicine; he later studied under Curt Sachs at the Hochschule für Musik, taking the doctorate with a dissertation on Ibn Sīnā. Returning to Egypt in ...

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Lukas Richter

(b Cyrene [now Shaḥḥāt, Libya], c276 bc; d Alexandria, c196 bc). Greek scholar. He was educated at Alexandria by the poet Callimachus and the grammarian Lysanias, and at Athens encountered the philosophers Arcesilaus and Ariston of Chios. In about 246 bce...

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(b Boulogne-sur-Seine, June 7, 1872; d Sidi bou Said, Tunisia, Oct 29, 1932). French ethnomusicologist and composer. He settled in Tunis in 1910 and from 1924, assisted by Carra de Vaux and the Arab scholars ‘Abd al-‘Azīz Bakkush and Muḥammad al-Mannubi, he made an intensive study of Arabian music history, translating many major theoretical tracts. The Arab Congress (Cairo ...

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Alec Hyatt King

(b Chicago, Sept 25, 1901; d Naples, FL, Feb 7, 1961). American librarian and musicologist. His early training was in Egyptology and psychology. In 1929 he went to Cornell for further study in psychology, but came under the influence of Otto Kinkeldey who had just become professor of musicology there. What had been Hill’s recreation and private study was soon transformed into the vocation to which he became dedicated. In ...

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Owen Wright

(b Zaragoza, north Spain; d Fez, Morocco, c1139). Philosopher, administrator and composer. He spent much of his life, first in Zaragoza and then in Játiva, south Spain, as vizier to various Almoravid governors, and later moved to Fez.

His Kitāb fī al-nafs...

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John Tyrrell

(b Aberdeen, April 17, 1887; d Grahamstown, Feb 7, 1970). South African musicologist of Scottish birth. He studied with Terry at the University of Aberdeen, where he graduated in 1910, and under Stanford at the RCM. In 1914 he emigrated to South Africa as music organizer of the Natal Education Department. He was appointed professor of music at University College, Johannesburg (later the University of the Witwatersrand), in ...

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Gert Oost

(b Wormer, June 14, 1938; d Egypt, January 25, 2009). Dutch organist and musicologist. He studied at the Amsterdam Muzieklyceum with Piet Kee and at the Schola Cantorum in Paris with Jean Langlais. He also studied French literature at the Free University of Amsterdam and musicology at the University of Poitiers. Kooiman was organist and organ professor at the Free University of Amsterdam, taught the organ at the Sweelinck Conservatory (...

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Gregory F. Barz

(b Vienna, Dec 10, 1934). Austrian ethnomusicologist. He took the doctorate in 1971 at the University of Vienna with a dissertation on Mukanda boys' initiation rites in eastern Angola and he was awarded the Habilitation in 1980 for his Theory of African Music...

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José López-Calo

( b Málaga, Dec 6, 1869; d Stockholm, Aug 15, 1921). Spanish musicologist . A diplomat by profession, he served in Spanish embassies in Russia, Turkey, Morocco and Sweden. Composition was his first musical interest, and he studied in Málaga with Eduardo Ocón, in Madrid with Felipe Pedrell and in Paris with Saint-Saëns. Although he composed various works, including an opera ...

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(b Igara, western Uganda, March 21, 1926; d Kampala, June 21, 1995). Ugandan composer, poet, writer and folklorist . Largely self-taught, he took positions as a teacher of music and literature at several teachers’ colleges in western Uganda and at St Kalemba’s Catechetical Centre, retiring in his 50s to concentrate on creative writing. His most valued musical work consisted of providing a new musical liturgy for the Catholic church in western Uganda. The hymnbook ...

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Jacqueline Cogdell DjeDje

(b Mampong, June 22, 1921). Ghanaian ethnomusicologist and composer. He was educated at the Presbyterian Training College in Akropong (1937–41) and later studied linguistics and social anthropology at the School of Oriental and African Studies in London (1944–6). He gained music degrees from Trinity College of Music and Birkbeck College, London (BA ...

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Jean Gribenski

(b Constantine, Algeria, June 13, 1888; d Paris, June 20, 1974). French musicologist . He studied musicology at the Sorbonne with Rolland, Laloy and Pirro. After World War I, he taught the history of the violin at the Ecole Normale de Musique in Paris; he also worked as editor-in-chief of ...