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(fl 16th century). Italian ecclesiastic. He invented the Phagotum.

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Jeannine Lambrechts-Douillez and G. Grant O’Brien

In 

See Ruckers family

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Jeannine Lambrechts-Douillez and G. Grant O’Brien

In 

See Ruckers family

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Frank A. D’Accone

(b c1450; d Rome, 1508). Italian organist and organ builder. He was the son of the expatriate Greek scholar, Giovanni, who taught Greek philosophy at the Florentine Studio from 1456 to 1471. He studied both organ playing and organ building under Antonio Squarcialupi, who recommended him to Duke Galeazzo Maria Sforza of Milan. He was employed at the duke's court from ...

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David Lasocki, Denis Arnold and Fabio Ferraccioli

In 

See Bassano family

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(fl Venice, 1570–79). Italian harpsichord and virginal maker. Although many antique instruments were fraudulently given Baffo’s name, his genuine, signed work comprises only three harpsichords and one virginal. Two further harpsichords and five polygonal virginals may also be identified as his work (see Wraight), one of which is the so-called ‘Queen Elizabeth’s Virginal’ (Victoria and Albert Museum, London; ...

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Lorenzo Bianconi and Andrea Chegai

(b Urbino; fl 1591–6; d ?Venice, ?1607). Italian composer, poet and instrument inventor. A connection with Urbino is suggested by the dedications to the Della Rovere family of his two surviving publications; his book of madrigals further includes a preface addressed to ‘miei Signori & Patriotti’ of Urbino. He was ...

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Guy Bourligueux

(fl Rouen, Angers, France and Le Mans, France, 1517–44). French organ builder. He worked at St Maclou, Rouen (1517), and repaired the small organ in Angers Cathedral (1521). From 1528 to 1535 he built the great instrument for the Cathedral of St Julien, Le Mans. After the Angers organ burned on ...

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Guy Oldham and Umberto Pineschi

(b Perugia, c1545; d Dec 13, 1608). Italian organ builder. He was the son of Marino and Margherita Biagi. He had several brothers and sisters, one of whom, Stefano, was also an organ builder. Nothing is known about Luca's apprenticeship and first works; he is first heard of in connection with the organ of S Maria Nuova in Perugia in ...

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(b ?Saffig, nr Koblenz; fl 1516–42). German organ builder. He is sometimes referred to as ‘Schöffe und Bürger von Koblenz’. His significant work can be traced in the regions of the Lahn (Weilburg), the Mosel (Trier Cathedral) and the Rhine (Liebfrauenkirche, Andernach; Liebfrauenkirche, Dominican church and Florinskirche, Koblenz), and also in the Netherlands (Dominican church, Maastricht; Onze Lieve Vrouw, Tongeren; and St Amor, Munsterbilzen). Breisiger was a member of a distinguished family, and was himself a highly cultured man. As an organ builder he took a lead in the development of ‘new’ stops (narrow-scaled flue stops, various types of flute, Cornet V or VI, reeds with full-length resonators, Pedal flutes of 2′ or 1′ pitch), and at the same time made technical innovations in key actions and coupling. His work attracted great interest in the Netherlands. He wrote the most important and informative 16th-century instructions for registration, which are still consulted....

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(b ?Büchenberg, nr Bernbeuren, c1566–70; d c1627–8). German lute maker, active in Italy. He was first mentioned in Roman sources in December 1591, when he married Virginia, daughter of the luthier Pietro Alberti; the last reference to him is in 1626...

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O.W. Neighbour and Susi Jeans

(b ?Old Radnor, Radnorshire, 1562–3; d Antwerp, 12–13 March 1628). English composer, organist, virginalist and organ builder, probably of Welsh birth, active also in the southern Netherlands. He was one of the leading keyboard virtuosos of his time and an important composer of keyboard music....

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Denzil Wraight

(fl 1587–1610). Italian harpsichord and virginal maker working in Venice. His father was a barber: keyboard instruments were available in barbers' shops for the use of customers, which may explain Celestini's introduction to his trade. The signed surviving instruments comprise six virginals and two harpsichords. A further four virginals and a clavichord can also be attributed to him, and together they amount to a substantial part of the known 16th-century Venetian instruments. Celestini made most of his virginals with half projecting or fully recessed keyboards, a style which is normally associated with instruments from the Brescia-Milan area. Two of the virginals (...

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See Neusidler family

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Pierre Hardouin

French family of organ builders and organists. They were based in Paris and played an important part in the development of French Renaissance organ building.

(b before 1515; d Paris, 1572). He was employed by the Parisian firm of Pierre Dugué, whose daughter he married in ...

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Lini Hübsch-Pfleger

In 

See Haiden family

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Denzil Wraight

( fl 1533–75). Italian keyboard instrument maker who worked in Venice. More of his instruments have survived than from any other 16th-century maker, comprising seven harpsichords (including two octave harpsichords, i.e. at 4′ pitch), seven polygonal virginals and one clavichord. The latter ( see...

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Alfred Reichling

(d before 1582). German organ builder. By 1531 he had been made a citizen of Rothenburg ob der Tauber, where he repaired the organ of the Jacobskirche in 1537. He received the freedom of the city of Ravensburg in 1542 and remained there until at least ...

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(b Brescia, c1475; d after 1555). Italian organ builder. He was a master organ builder by January 1515 when, writing from Ferrara and signing himself ‘Johannes Baptista Brixiensis. Magister orga.’, he sent to Cardinal Ippolito d'Este, archpriest of S Pietro in the Vatican, the proposal for an organ for S Maria in Vado, Ferrara. He later built the following organs: Chiesa dei Frati di S Giovanni, Brescia (...

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Peter Holman

(b c1575; bur. Greenwich, July 24, 1651). English composer, string player and instrument maker. He may have been the son of Richard Farrant, Master of the Choristers at St George’s Chapel, Windsor and Master of the Children of the Chapel Royal. A birthdate of about ...