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Article

Friedrich Jakob

(b Rankweil, Vorarlberg, bap. April 17, 1652; d after 1725). Austrian organ builder. He was the outstanding master in the upper Rhine valley south of Lake Constance before and after 1700. Stylistically his roots were still firmly in the Baroque of the 17th century, and he remained uninfluenced by the south German late Baroque of the 18th century. His organ for the monastery church of Pfäfers, Switzerland (...

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Laurence Libin

(fl 1670–80). English luthier, active in London. His only extant instrument, a bass viol, is labelled ‘William Addison in Long Alley Over Against Moorfields 1670’, near the workshops of the contemporary viol makers Richard Meares and George Miller. Addison’s viol bears elaborate geometric inlay, including on the back a stylized heart pierced by arrows, and on the carved soundtable a fleur-de-lis. The unusually large soundholes are closer to the middle than normal. The pegbox, ornamented with ivory studs, is surmounted by a carving of Hercules. A ‘William Addis’, presumably the same man, was recorded on the Strand in ...

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John Whenham

(b 1623–8; d Bologna, 1699, before 28 Jan). Italian singer, composer and instrument maker. He was an Augustinian monk who was employed from about 1649 as a soprano castrato at the Este court at Modena. On 13 November 1660 he was appointed to the choir of S Petronio, Bologna, with a stipend of 50 lire a month; he was discharged on ...

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Karl-Ernst Bergunder and Peter Wollny

(b Grossfurra, Thuringia, Oct 25, 1643; d Gotha, Feb 20, 1676). German composer and writer. After initially going to school in his native town he was sent in 1656 to Eisenach for three years. There he attended the town school, the staff of which included Theodor Schuchardt, a highly respected teacher of music and Latin. From ...

Article

Charles Beare and Patrizio Barbieri

(b St Nikolaus in Kaltern, March 28, 1621; d Bolzano [Bozen], Feb 7, 1712). Tyrolean violin maker, mainly active in Bolzano. In 1665–6 he worked in Rome for the luthiers Martin Artz (1665) and Andrea Portoghese (1666). Later he might have had his own workshop there, according to a violin labelled ‘Matthias Albano fece in Roma ...

Article

Guy Oldham and Pierre Hardouin

In 

See Thierry family

Article

John Rosselli

(bc 1625–6; d Rome, 1713).French-Italian theatre builder and impresario. A French nobleman from Orléans, he became secretary in 1662 to Queen Christina of Sweden (resident in Rome after her abdication), in whose service he remained till her death in 1689...

Article

Laurence Libin

(fl Bologna, Italy 1662–1752). Italian violin maker. He had no connection with the Cremonese Amati family, but is sometimes said to have been a pupil of Giovanni Guidanti; this has not been substantiated. He entered the priesthood in 1687 and apparently set up a workshop about ...

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Charles Beare, Carlo Chiesa and Duane Rosengard

In 

See Guarneri family

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Guy Bourligueux

(b Lerín, Spain, c1650; d Madrid, Spain 1686). Spanish organ builder. He worked with his father-in-law, Gabriel de Ávila, maker to the royal chapel at Madrid, on the construction of the organ in Charles II’s palace (1675–6), and succeeded him in his court office. In ...

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John Dilworth

(d 1685). English violin maker. He worked in Oxford at the end of the 17th century. The baptismal record of his first child in 1672 refers to him as ‘Mr Baker the fidell maker’, possibly the earliest reference to the profession in England. A cello attributed to the same year is thought to be the earliest surviving English cello, and in addition a small viola still in virtually original condition, once in the possession of the Oxford Music School and bearing a facsimile label of ...

Article

Edward Charles Pepe

(fl Mexico, early 17th century). Spanish organ builder working in New Spain (Mexico). Bal, a Franciscan who in 1603 had immigrated to Michoacán from Aragón, came to be held in such high regard throughout the vice-royalty that the capitular acts of Mexico City Cathedral dated ...

Article

Jeannie Campbell

(bap. Edinburgh, Scotland, Dec 5, 1680; d Edinburgh, Sept 1753). Highland Scottish turner, evidently a bagpipe maker. In 1712 he made billiard balls for the officer in charge of Edinburgh Castle. On all the birth records of children born to Barclay and his wife Elizabeth Arbuthnet in Edinburgh parish, ...

Article

Charles Beare, Carlo Chiesa and Duane Rosengard

In 

See Guarneri family

Article

Anne Beetem Acker

(bap. London, England, Jan 1, 1685; d London, England, by 1735). English spinet and harpsichord maker. His father, also Thomas, was a butcher. He was apprenticed to Stephen Keene from 1 Aug 1699 for seven years and his initials (TB) appear in a Keene spinet of ...

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Niall O’Loughlin

(fl London, 1643–80). English trumpet maker and court trumpeter. A medallion, dated by Byrne to 1643, shows ‘SIMON BEAL AET SVAE 28A’ holding a trumpet with a distinctive three-lobed ball on the bell pipe, possibly the earliest evidence of this English feature. Beale is known from two references in Pepys’s diary and other contemporary documents. He was said to work in Suffolk Street, London. In ...

Article

Ugo Ravasio

(b Maclodio, nr Brescia, c1580; d Brescia, after 1661). Italian violin and cittern maker. He moved to Brescia late in the 16th century, and he is mentioned there as a cittern and violin maker in city records between 1634 and 1661. No extant instrument can definitely be attributed to him. A richly ornamented lute by Benti was reported by De Piccolellis (...

Article

(b Reggio nell’Emilia, before 1675; d ?Ferrara, after 1694). Italian writer on wind instruments, cornettist and composer. A few biographical details are in his correspondence with the princes of Este, preserved in the Modena state archive. He was educated in Reggio nell’Emilia at the Servite convent and joined the Servite order; after studying away from home (possibly in Bologna, according to Cavicchi) he returned to Reggio nell’Emilia, then went to Ferrara in ...

Article

Rob Van Acht

( b Kampen, 1666; d Amsterdam, 1715). Dutch maker of woodwind instruments . He was a pupil of Jan de Jager, whose son Frederik assisted him between 1694 and 1707, and whose niece he eventually married. Boekhout lived in Amsterdam, at first on Keizersgracht and from ...

Article

Denzil Wraight

(fl Florence, Italy, 1626–41). Italian harpsichord and virginal maker. Son of Vincenzo, who was also an instrument maker, he came from Prato to Florence, where he worked in the via dei Servi. Two single-manual harpsichords and eight virginals are connected with his name, but the attribution of two of the virginals has not been confirmed. The ...