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Article

Jeannie Campbell

(bap. Edinburgh, Scotland, Dec 5, 1680; d Edinburgh, Sept 1753). Highland Scottish turner, evidently a bagpipe maker. In 1712 he made billiard balls for the officer in charge of Edinburgh Castle. On all the birth records of children born to Barclay and his wife Elizabeth Arbuthnet in Edinburgh parish, ...

Article

James B. Kopp

(b London, UK, July 17, 1946). Conservator of musical instruments and maker of brasses, based in Ottawa, Canada. After studying fine arts and English at the University of Toronto, he joined the Canadian Conservation Institute, Ottawa, in 1975 as a conservator of furniture and wooden objects. He was trained in instrument conservation at the Germanisches Nationalmuseum, Nuremberg, and received a PhD from the Open University in ...

Article

Niall O’Loughlin and Denis Watel

(fl Paris, France, c1791–1827). French woodwind instrument maker. In 1803–4 he worked at 282 rue St Honoré, Paris, and from 1809 to 1827 at 23 rue de la Bibliothèque. Surviving instruments include flageolets, flutes, oboes, clarinets, bassoons, and a bass horn. Baumann reportedly advertised contrabassoons and bass serpents in ...

Article

Heike Fricke

(bc1708; d Vienna, Austria, July 17, 1775). Austrian woodwind maker. Variant spellings such as R. Paur, Rockobauer, Rockopauer, Ruckebauer, and Rochebaur presumably refer to the same person. In the parish books of St Michael’s Church in Vienna he is listed as a civic wind player (...

Article

Darcy Kuronen

(b Boston, MA, March 29, 1798; d Canton, MA, Jan 5, 1883). American inventor, designer, and maker of free-reed instruments. He was a son of French Huguenot parents who came to Boston in 1788; his father, trained as a watchmaker, made and sold hardware, and no doubt Bazin gained from his father an interest in mechanics. His instruments had limited influence on later manufacturers, but are among the earliest of their type made in the USA. About ...

Article

James B. Kopp

(b Heidenheim, Germany, March 16, 1944). German maker of early wind instruments. He played the flute from age 11. In 1961 he passed the journeyman’s examination as a precision mechanic and worked until 1965 in industry (for Carl Zeiss, Telefunken/AEG, and ELDATA). He passed the Abitur in ...

Article

James B. Kopp

(b Apeldoorn, Netherlands, Oct 8, 1945). Dutch maker of bagpipes and other historical woodwind instruments. Largely self-taught as a maker, he fashioned instruments from household objects (cigar-box lutes, flutes from electrical conduit, etc.) from the age of six. His parents sent him at the age of ten to a course of the Dutch Pipers Guild, whose members made simple flutes of natural cane (...

Article

Robert E. Eliason

(b Germany, 1826 or 1827; d New York, 1889). American maker of flutes, clarinets, and oboes, of German birth. He began his career in Boston with E.G. Wright in 1849. During the next few years he worked successively with Graves & Co. and J. Lathrop Allen, setting up in business for himself in ...

Article

Eric Hoeprich

German family of wind instrument makers, active in Speyer 1849–1937. The workshop was founded in 1849 by Georg Jakob (b Speyer, 15 May 1824; d Speyer, 20 Sept 1904); he apprenticed 1843–6 in Bayreuth under Stengel, and also worked in Paris, Munich, and Vienna. After ...

Article

Beyde  

Beatrix Darmstädter

Family of wind instrument makers, active in Leipzig and Vienna. Johann Gottlob (b 1762; d Leipzig, Saxony, 1814), son of the tenant farmer Christoph Beyde, married in 1785 in Leipzig, where he worked as a woodwind and brass instrument maker in the Quergasse. His son, August Johann Friedrich Sr (...

Article

David Lasocki

(b Haddington, Scotland, July 3, 1943). French recorder maker. He settled with his English father and French mother in France in 1960. He graduated with a gold medal from the recorder class at Lille Conservatoire in 1975, then taught himself recorder making with help from Friedrich von Huene and Claude Monin as well as woodworkers near Lille. In ...

Article

Geoffrey Burgess

American makers of historic oboes. The craftsman Jonathan Bosworth (b Ithaca, NY, 18 June 1938) and oboist Stephen Hammer (b Rochester, NY, 14 April 1951) worked in partnership copying historical double-reed instruments from 1975 to 2002. Their first copy was of an oboe by Thomas Stanesby Sr, then in the possession of Dr Robert M. Rosenbaum. This was followed by copies of oboes by various 18th-century makers, including Thomas Stanesby Jr, J. Denner, Charles Bizey, William Milhouse, C.A., Heinrich Grenser, and J.F. Floth; oboes d’amore by Denner and J.H. Eichentopf; an oboe da caccia by Eichentopf; a tenor oboe by J.C. Denner; and shawms after anonymous specimens (in ...

Article

Maurice Byrne and David Lasocki

(b Bourg en Bresse, France, May 27, 1663; d Tournai, Belgium, April 21, 1731). French wind instrument maker. He was baptized Pierre Jaillard but later took the name Bressan (‘from Bresse’). His father (a waggoner) died when he was four. In 1678 he was apprenticed for two years to Jean Boysser, a wood turner in Bourg. He probably trained in instrument making and in performance with one of the Hotteterres, in Paris. His treble recorders are similar to those of his contemporary Jean-Jacques Rippert, and the hollow foot of his basset recorders is similar to those of Rippert and the Hotteterres. Bressan came to England in ...

Article

David Lasocki

(b Rotterdam, Netherlands, May 27, 1957). Dutch recorder maker. She studied the recorder in Rotterdam and The Hague with Frans Brüggen and Ricardo Kanji from 1976 to 1980. From 1979 to 1980 she learned recorder making with Frederick Morgan while he was a visiting teacher in The Hague. Breukink opened her own workshop in ...

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David Lasocki

(b Thornton Heath, Greater London, England, June 5, 1959). English recorder maker. A teenage friendship with the lute-maker Malcolm Prior, then an apprentice at Arnold Dolmetsch Ltd, in Haslemere, Surrey, led to a fascination with instruments. He studied instrument-making at the London College of Furniture in the early 1980s, specializing in recorders under the supervision of the former Dolmetsch maker Kenneth Collins. Since ...

Article

Bruder  

Arthur W.J.G. Ord-Hume

German family of organ builders which specialized in mechanical instruments. Ignaz Blasius Bruder (1780–1845) was the founder of the organ-building industry in Waldkirch. He had five sons, those of greatest significance being Wilhelm (1819–82) and Ignaz (1825–91). Each of these in turn produced three sons who ultimately formed three partnerships – Wilhelm Bruder Söhne, Gebrüder Bruder and Ignaz Bruder Söhne. The precise output of each partnership is hard to identify but they all produced work of outstanding quality starting with organ-playing clocks, progressing through portable street organs and ending with showground and dance organs. The Bruders kept to the forefront of technical and musical development and were among the first to apply music programmes in the form of perforated paper rolls to the fairground organ, using a keyless pneumatic system. They also fitted Swell shutters to these instruments. Bruder enjoyed a worldwide reputation and until the outbreak of World War I they supplied organs to the Wurlitzer company in America....

Article

Albert R. Rice

American firm of band instrument manufacturers . It was founded in Elkart, Indiana by Ferdinand August ‘Gus’ Buescher (b Elk Township, Noble County, OH, 26 April 1861; d Elkhart, 29 Nov 1937). Buescher worked first for Conn from 1876, becoming foreman in 1888. In ...

Article

Anthony Béthune and William McBride

French firm of woodwind instrument makers. It was founded by Denis Buffet [Buffet-Auger] (b La Couture, 28 July 1783; d Paris, 24 Sept 1841), elder brother of Louis-Auguste Buffet [Buffet jeune] (whose own business was wholly independent). After his marriage to Marie-Anne Auger, Denis became known as Buffet-Auger. In ...

Article

René Pierre

Wind instrument makers of Strasbourg. [Life data refer to Strasbourg unless noted.] Jean (Johannes) II Keller (1710–78) was admitted as a turner in the corporation of carpenters in 1736. His three sons were woodwind makers. Jean III Keller (b 14 Dec 1737...

Article

John M. Schecter

Panpipe of Spain and the New World, also called flauta de Pan or siringa. It is mentioned in Sebastián de Covarrubias Horozco’s Tesoro de la Lengua Castellana o Española (1611) as an instrument carried by the Spanish pig gelder (capa puercas), whence its name. Nowadays in Spain, the sound signals the approach of knife grinders as well as pig gelders. In Spain and Portugal it is made from a single flat piece of wood about 1.5 cm thick; the end with the shortest pipe is about 8 cm long and the opposite end 15 cm long; eight to ten stopped bores are drilled in the board, which at one corner is carved like a horse’s head looking back over the body....