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Ryan D.W. Bruce

Community artists’ organization founded in St Louis in 1968. Headed by the free-jazz proponents Oliver Lake, Julius Hemphill, Hamiet Blueitt, and Lester Bowie, this multi-arts collective produced poetry, dance, theatre, and visual arts. Musicians frequently collaborated with others from the Chicago-based Association for the Advancement of Creative Musicians...

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Joanne Sheehy Hoover and Suzanne L. Moulton-Gertig

Summer school for harpists. Carlos Salzedo established the school in 1931, and until his death in 1961 taught up to 40 students twice per week. He expected students to adhere to a strict dress code and spend most of their time practicing. He left his colony and house to a former student, Alice Chalifoux (...

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Chamber music society. Resident in New York at Alice Tully Hall, the society is a constituent of Lincoln Center for the Performing Arts. It was conceived by William Schuman, the president of Lincoln Center, who appointed the pianist charles Wadsworth as the society’s first artistic director (...

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William McClellan and Jessica L. Getman

Social, professional, or honorary organizations for men or women, or both men and women. Such societies are well established in the American academic world. This article deals only with those in which music plays an important part or is the principal concern.

Greek-letter organizations originated in the United States at institutions of higher education in ...

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Romanian orchestra founded in 1868 in Bucharest. Previously known as the Romanian Philharmonic Society Orchestra, since 1955 it has borne the name of Romania’s most prominent composer, George Enescu. It is the oldest orchestra in Eastern Europe and its headquarters is the Palace of the Romanian Athenaeum, a concert hall with a capacity of 800, and a symbol of Bucharest’s cultural richness....

Article

Friedrich W. Riedel

Benedictine abbey near Krems, Lower Austria. It was founded in 1083 by Bishop Altmann of Passau as a monastery for prebendaries. In 1094 it was taken over by Benedictines from St Blasien in the Black Forest, and rapidly became an important centre of religious and intellectual life. After a period of decline during the Reformation, Göttweig flourished in the Baroque era, particularly under the abbot Gottfried Bessel (...

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International organization. It was initiated in Belgium in 1940 by Marcel Cuvelier to propagate live music and related arts in schools, universities and among working youth, regardless of political or doctrinaire considerations. It has established an effective international network of artistic exchanges, bringing many young performers before the public through concert tours and competitions; it also encourages performance by young people by establishing music camps and forming international orchestras directed by outstanding conductors. In keeping with its broad humanitarian aims it was a founder-member of the International Music Council in ...

Article

Greg A. Handel

Lutheran liberal arts college in Decorah, Iowa, founded in 1861. Its band, one of the first college bands in the county (1878), toured Norway in 1914 under the direction of Carlo A. Sperati. The college first offered music degrees during the 1930s. The Luther College Nordic Choir (founded ...

Article

Wouter Paap and Johan Kolsteeg

(Association for the Promotion of the Art of Music). Dutch musical organization. The oldest association of its kind in the country, it was established in 1829 and laid the foundations of music education by setting up music schools and after 1881 by instituting examinations for professional musicians. After World War II, when music schools and conservatories in the Netherlands became government institutions, the association was no longer deeply concerned with music education, although it continued to provide grants for gifted music students. Much work is done in forming choirs and in renewing the choral repertory; a federation of youth choirs is attached to the association, and the performance of Dutch choral works is encouraged. In ...

Article

Melk  

Robert N. Freeman

Town in Lower Austria. The strategic location of the fortress Medelica (Melk) on a slope overlooking the Danube led the Babenbergs, Austria's medieval rulers, to establish their court there in 976. Monks from the Benedictine abbey of Lambach were invited to join the court in ...

Article

Nancy Yunwha Rao

Instrumental ensemble founded in 1984 by Susan Cheng in New York’s Chinatown. It features Chinese instruments including erhu, yangqin, zheng, pipa, daruan, sanxian, sheng, and dizi. Its members have included Wu man , Tang Liang Xing, and Min Xiao Fen, among others. Performing at museums, schools, and other venues, it has specialized in silk and bamboo music of southern China but has also performed contemporary music. Its concerts from ...

Article

Roger Covell

Australian chamber music network. Unrivalled in the thoroughness with which it serves a single country (with more than 2000 concerts annually), the network presents ensembles in subscription seasons in Australian capital cities and elsewhere and in regional and school touring. It was founded in Sydney in ...

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John Shepard and Michael Mauskapf

Organization founded in 1930 “to train American orchestra musicians in orchestral techniques and repertoire, providing them with the necessary experience and level of expertise to enter professional orchestra careers.” Originally called the American Orchestral Society and later reorganized by Mary Flagler Cary, Franklin Robinson, and Léon Barzin, the Association gave its first concert at Carnegie Hall on ...

Article

Patrick K. Freer

Vocal ensemble. New York Voices is grounded in the American jazz tradition, but its repertoire includes music with Brazilian, R&B, classical, and pop influences. Originally formed in 1987 by a quartet of alumni of Ithaca College (Peter Eldridge, Caprice Fox, Darmon Meader, and Kim Nazarian), Sara Krieger completed the quintet. When Krieger retired from the ensemble in ...

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Romanian opera company, lyric theatre, and ballet. The building that houses the opera was built between 1904 and 1906 by the globally renowned Viennese company Fellner & Helmer, which specialized in designing and building opera theatres in a slightly Baroque Secession style. Architecturally, the building presents similarities, both interior and exterior, with the other 48 theatres built by the same company, e.g. the foyer is similar to that of the Karlsbad Theatre (Karlovy Vary), and the towers are similar to those of the National Theatre in Sofia. The building is considered part of the Romanian national cultural heritage and is classified as an historical monument, specially protected by UNESCO....

Article

Greg A. Handel

Lutheran liberal arts college in Northfield, Minnesota, founded in 1874. An orchestra was formed in 1888 and a band in 1891. Music instruction began in 1903, with degree credit for music awarded in 1916. F. Melius Christiansen, a Norwegian immigrant who founded the music department, founded a choir in ...

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American educational non-profit organization of women dedicated to the practice and advancement of barbershop harmony. Sweet Adelines, Incorporated— “International” became part of the name in 1991—was founded in 1945 in Tulsa, Oklahoma by Edna Mae Anderson. Inspired by the Society for the Preservation and Encouragement of Barbershop Quartet Singing in America (now the ...

Article

Nina Davis-Millis

School of music in Princeton, New Jersey. It had its origins in a 60-voice choir at Dayton (Ohio) Westminster Church, formed in 1920 by John Finley Williamson; in 1926 he began to offer training for music directors of Protestant churches. The school moved to Ithaca, New York, in ...