The music of itinerant groups, predominantly found in Europe but also in other areas, such as the Middle East and South Asia. Most often classified as ‘Gypsy’ – once a derogatory term but more recently the source of political pride – these groups also have their own ethnonyms. The main focus of this article is the music of Roma/Gypsies in Europe, with the aim of underlining similar patterns in their musical practices and processes, that reflect their shared values and ethos. For the music of non-European Gypsies, see under the appropriate country article....
Irén Kertész Wilkinson
Important Arabic song form performed in melismatic style.
Syria, §4: Musical instruments
This article generally addresses music-making from the end of the Civil War to the present in rural areas of Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia, and West Virginia. The article considers public and private musical activity in secular, sacred, and educational venues prior to the 1920s and, briefly, afterward....