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Howard Rye

(bCincinnati, May 29, 1890; dLos Angeles, Feb 4, 1970). Americanpianist. The year of his birth had been estimated as 1904, but the combination of a birthplace of Cincinnati (given by zur Heide, 1977) and the middle initial W. (in a musicians’ union report of ...

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Marcel Joly

(bNew Orleans, 1877; dNew Orleans, Jan 11, 1952). Americancornetist, father of Henry “Red” Allen. For more than 40 years he was the leader of the Allen Brass Band in New Orleans.

R. Goffin: La Nouvelle-Orléans: capitale du jazz (New York, 1946), 59...

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Rainer E. Lotz

(b São Paulo, 1892; d Rio de Janeiro, 1979). Brazilian bandleader, violinist, and saxophonist. He studied music in Rio de Janeiro (1917–19) and directed his own dance orchestra, gradually changing its repertory from Latin American music to jazz. He recorded prolifically on the Odeon label (...

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Alan Barrell

(b New Orleans, 1883; d New Orleans, Jan 14, 1949). Clarinetist, brother of Achille Baquet. At the age of 14 he played E♭ clarinet in the Lyre Club Symphony Orchestra, an amateur group conducted by his father, Théogène V. Baquet (b New Orleans, ...

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Alan Barrell

(b New Orleans, Nov 15, 1885; d Hollywood, CA, Nov 20, 1956). American clarinetist and saxophonist, brother of George Baquet. He worked in New Orleans with Papa Jack Laine’s first Reliance Brass Band, then in 1915 went to New York, where he played with Jimmy Durante’s Original New Orleans Jazz Band. This group later made some recordings, including ...

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Marcel Joly

(b New Orleans, Feb 18, 1892; d New Orleans, March 2, 1970). American clarinetist, brother of Polo Barnes. He was taught by Lorenzo Tio, Jr., Alphonse Picou, George Baquet, and Big Eye Nelson, and first worked with Buddy Petit. In 1919 he began an association with Chris Kelly that lasted throughout the 1920s. Barnes then joined Wooden Joe Nicholas’s Camellia Band, but during the Depression years returned to his trade as a mattress maker. He played with Kid Howard during the late 1940s and from ...

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Rainer E. Lotz

(b USA, c1890; d ? USA, after 1933). American alto and tenor saxophonist, clarinetist, and singer. His first known engagements were in China (1920) and Australia. After moving to England in 1925 he played in Bert Ralton’s Savoy Havana Band and recorded with Bert Firman (...

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Mike Hazeldine and Barry Kernfeld

(b New Orleans, July 31, 1887; d New Orleans, Dec 3, 1967). American cornetist and violinist. In about 1900 he began to study guitar and violin, and he first played violin in Tom Albert’s band (1904), the Eagle Band (c...

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Rainer E. Lotz

(b Berlin, Feb 7, 1886; d Amsterdam, July 30, 1934). German bandleader, alto saxophonist, and clarinetist. He played first clarinet with the Dresden Philharmonic Orchestra before World War I. After hearing jazz in the USA in 1918–19, he organized a band modeled on the Louisiana Five. He accompanied silent films and also appeared as a jazz bandleader in two films (...

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(b New Orleans, Jan 13, 1890; d Detroit, Sept 15, 1965). American double bass player, brother of Tom Brown. He played tuba, then double bass, in his brother’s band and in May 1915 moved with it to Chicago. There, after a period away from music, he joined the New Orleans Rhythm Kings, with whom he recorded in ...

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Karl Koenig

(b New Orleans, June 3, 1888; d New Orleans, March 25, 1958). American trombonist, brother of Steve Brown. He first played violin, then took up trombone. After playing in Papa Jack Laine’s Reliance Band he worked as a leader (from c1910). Beginning in ...

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Bob Zieff, Howard Rye and Barry Kernfeld

(b Hahnville, LA, 1891; d Elsinore, CA, Sept 3, 1948). Trumpeter. He first played drums, then guitar and alto horn, and changed to cornet about 1912. His early work was with brass bands in the New Orleans area (1913–17). In 1914...

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Mike Hazeldine

(b New Orleans, Dec 25, 1878; d New Orleans, Oct 17, 1927). American drummer, father of Louis Cottrell, Jr. He played with John Robichaux’s orchestra (until 1909) and the Olympia Orchestra (1900–15) and worked in Chicago with Manuel Perez (...

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Lawrence Koch

(b Ironton, MO, Dec 30, 1890; d Chicago, Oct 23, 1951). American trumpeter, bandleader, saxophonist, and accordionist. He spent his teens playing trumpet in circus and theater bands, and returned to the St. Louis area about 1919. He then led groups on the Streckfus fleet of riverboats, which traveled to and from New Orleans, and soon became so popular that he had several bands working under his name. He and Fate Marable were leaders of a group on the SS ...

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Alden Ashforth

(b New Orleans, Sept 11, 1893, d Pacoima, CA, Dec 2, 1959). American trumpeter and bandleader. He had cornet lessons with Manuel Perez for seven years from 1907 and was working in Perez’s Onward Brass Band by 1914. After playing into early 1920s with the Silver Bell Band (led by the trombonist Leonard Bechet), the Excelsior Brass Band, the Maple Leaf Orchestra, and the Tuxedo Brass Band, from about ...

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Rainer E. Lotz

(b Philadelphia, May 14, 1889; d New York, May 19, 1939). American dancer, choreographer, and impresario. He went to Ireland in 1903 as a member of a juvenile “piccaninny” group, then toured Europe with Belle Davis (1903–8); his dancing during this period may be seen in the film ...

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Michael Tovey and Barry Kernfeld

(b Laplace, LA, April 30, 1887; d Lafayette, LA, 1960). American clarinetist and bandleader. His father was a violinist and bandleader, and he first played guitar and clarinet in a band formed by his three elder brothers. In 1913 he joined a local ensemble led by Kid Ory with which he traveled to New Orleans, where he took lessons from Lorenzo Tio, Jr., and George Baquet. Later he led his own band at various clubs before moving in ...

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Richard M. Sudhalter

(b New Orleans, May 22, 1891; d New York, April 9, 1963). American trombonist. He played violin from the age of ten, took up trombone five years later, and played with Papa Jack Laine’s Reliance Brass Band in his late teens; he also played semi-professional baseball. In ...

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Erik Wiedemann

(b Kolding, Denmark, Aug 23, 1892; d Copenhagen, July 14, 1965). Danish saxo-phonist and bandleader. He began his career as a banjoist and in 1923 became the first Danish jazz saxophonist, playing initially C-melody then alto saxophone. The same year he formed the first notable Danish jazz band, which during the 1920s included leading Danish jazz musicians such as Kai Ewans and Peter Rasmussen among its members; it made the earliest jazz recordings in Denmark (notably ...

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Charles Kinzer, Howard Rye and Barry Kernfeld

(b New Orleans, June 13, 1879; d Chicago, Aug 1973). American bandleader. Although he was widely known as Charlie, he adamantly wished to be called Charles and appears thus in primary sources. His full name and the year of his birth (1879...