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Jeannine Lambrechts-Douillez and G. Grant O’Brien

In 

See Ruckers family

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Jeannine Lambrechts-Douillez and G. Grant O’Brien

In 

See Ruckers family

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David Lasocki, Denis Arnold and Fabio Ferraccioli

In 

See Bassano family

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(fl Venice, 1570–79). Italian harpsichord and virginal maker. Although many antique instruments were fraudulently given Baffo’s name, his genuine, signed work comprises only three harpsichords and one virginal. Two further harpsichords and five polygonal virginals may also be identified as his work (see Wraight), one of which is the so-called ‘Queen Elizabeth’s Virginal’ (Victoria and Albert Museum, London; ...

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Lorenzo Bianconi and Andrea Chegai

(b Urbino; fl 1591–6; d ?Venice, ?1607). Italian composer, poet and instrument inventor. A connection with Urbino is suggested by the dedications to the Della Rovere family of his two surviving publications; his book of madrigals further includes a preface addressed to ‘miei Signori & Patriotti’ of Urbino. He was ...

Article

Guy Bourligueux

(fl Rouen, Angers, France and Le Mans, France, 1517–44). French organ builder. He worked at St Maclou, Rouen (1517), and repaired the small organ in Angers Cathedral (1521). From 1528 to 1535 he built the great instrument for the Cathedral of St Julien, Le Mans. After the Angers organ burned on ...

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Brays  

Found in many Renaissance harps and some Welsh harps into the 19th century, these are small, right-angled pegs of wood, ivory, or other hard material that act as belly-pins to fasten strings individually to the soundboard, with one arm of the L-shape just touching the string. When plucked, the strings vibrate lightly against their brays, producing a nasal buzz that intensifies the sound. In many harps the brays can be turned off. Brays might have given rise to the arpichordum register in Flemish virginals....

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(b ?Saffig, nr Koblenz; fl 1516–42). German organ builder. He is sometimes referred to as ‘Schöffe und Bürger von Koblenz’. His significant work can be traced in the regions of the Lahn (Weilburg), the Mosel (Trier Cathedral) and the Rhine (Liebfrauenkirche, Andernach; Liebfrauenkirche, Dominican church and Florinskirche, Koblenz), and also in the Netherlands (Dominican church, Maastricht; Onze Lieve Vrouw, Tongeren; and St Amor, Munsterbilzen). Breisiger was a member of a distinguished family, and was himself a highly cultured man. As an organ builder he took a lead in the development of ‘new’ stops (narrow-scaled flue stops, various types of flute, Cornet V or VI, reeds with full-length resonators, Pedal flutes of 2′ or 1′ pitch), and at the same time made technical innovations in key actions and coupling. His work attracted great interest in the Netherlands. He wrote the most important and informative 16th-century instructions for registration, which are still consulted....

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(b ?Büchenberg, nr Bernbeuren, c1566–70; d c1627–8). German lute maker, active in Italy. He was first mentioned in Roman sources in December 1591, when he married Virginia, daughter of the luthier Pietro Alberti; the last reference to him is in 1626...

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Denzil Wraight

(fl 1587–1610). Italian harpsichord and virginal maker working in Venice. His father was a barber: keyboard instruments were available in barbers' shops for the use of customers, which may explain Celestini's introduction to his trade. The signed surviving instruments comprise six virginals and two harpsichords. A further four virginals and a clavichord can also be attributed to him, and together they amount to a substantial part of the known 16th-century Venetian instruments. Celestini made most of his virginals with half projecting or fully recessed keyboards, a style which is normally associated with instruments from the Brescia-Milan area. Two of the virginals (...

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See Neusidler family

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Pierre Hardouin

French family of organ builders and organists. They were based in Paris and played an important part in the development of French Renaissance organ building.

(b before 1515; d Paris, 1572). He was employed by the Parisian firm of Pierre Dugué, whose daughter he married in ...

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Lini Hübsch-Pfleger

In 

See Haiden family

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Denzil Wraight

( fl 1533–75). Italian keyboard instrument maker who worked in Venice. More of his instruments have survived than from any other 16th-century maker, comprising seven harpsichords (including two octave harpsichords, i.e. at 4′ pitch), seven polygonal virginals and one clavichord. The latter ( see...

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Alfred Reichling

(d before 1582). German organ builder. By 1531 he had been made a citizen of Rothenburg ob der Tauber, where he repaired the organ of the Jacobskirche in 1537. He received the freedom of the city of Ravensburg in 1542 and remained there until at least ...

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(b Brescia, c1475; d after 1555). Italian organ builder. He was a master organ builder by January 1515 when, writing from Ferrara and signing himself ‘Johannes Baptista Brixiensis. Magister orga.’, he sent to Cardinal Ippolito d'Este, archpriest of S Pietro in the Vatican, the proposal for an organ for S Maria in Vado, Ferrara. He later built the following organs: Chiesa dei Frati di S Giovanni, Brescia (...

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Peter Holman

(b c1575; bur. Greenwich, July 24, 1651). English composer, string player and instrument maker. He may have been the son of Richard Farrant, Master of the Choristers at St George’s Chapel, Windsor and Master of the Children of the Chapel Royal. A birthdate of about ...

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Lynda Sayce

(b c1500/10; d c1565). Lute maker, possibly of German origin, active in Italy. He was married to Margarita del fu Michele Strazarolo and was in Bologna from at least 1546 until at least 1564. He is sometimes described as ‘Romano’ in Bolognese documents, and may have previously worked in Rome. He has frequently been confused with another Hans Frei, son-in-law of Albrecht Dürer, who may perhaps have been the father of the lute maker; the error originated with Baron in ...

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(fl c1578–1600). South Netherlands organ builder, active in Italy. He was probably not the Vincenzo Beltramo Borgognone who entered into a contract with the church of S Nicolò at Tortoreto in 1544. Fulgenzi, whose art was highly esteemed by A. Banchieri and G. Diruta, built important organs in S Pietro, Gubbio (...

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Howard Mayer Brown and Giulio Ongaro

(b ?Venice, 1492; d mid-16th century). Italian instrumentalist and writer. He was the author of two treatises on instrumental performance. Ganassi joined the pifferi of the Venetian government in June 1517, when he was hired as ‘contralto’ to fill a vacancy. From the ...