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Laurence Libin

(fl 1670–80). English luthier, active in London. His only extant instrument, a bass viol, is labelled ‘William Addison in Long Alley Over Against Moorfields 1670’, near the workshops of the contemporary viol makers Richard Meares and George Miller. Addison’s viol bears elaborate geometric inlay, including on the back a stylized heart pierced by arrows, and on the carved soundtable a fleur-de-lis. The unusually large soundholes are closer to the middle than normal. The pegbox, ornamented with ivory studs, is surmounted by a carving of Hercules. A ‘William Addis’, presumably the same man, was recorded on the Strand in ...

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John Whenham

(b 1623–8; d Bologna, 1699, before 28 Jan). Italian singer, composer and instrument maker. He was an Augustinian monk who was employed from about 1649 as a soprano castrato at the Este court at Modena. On 13 November 1660 he was appointed to the choir of S Petronio, Bologna, with a stipend of 50 lire a month; he was discharged on ...

Article

Charles Beare and Patrizio Barbieri

(b St Nikolaus in Kaltern, March 28, 1621; d Bolzano [Bozen], Feb 7, 1712). Tyrolean violin maker, mainly active in Bolzano. In 1665–6 he worked in Rome for the luthiers Martin Artz (1665) and Andrea Portoghese (1666). Later he might have had his own workshop there, according to a violin labelled ‘Matthias Albano fece in Roma ...

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Guy Oldham and Pierre Hardouin

In 

See Thierry family

Article

Laurence Libin

(fl Bologna, Italy 1662–1752). Italian violin maker. He had no connection with the Cremonese Amati family, but is sometimes said to have been a pupil of Giovanni Guidanti; this has not been substantiated. He entered the priesthood in 1687 and apparently set up a workshop about ...

Article

Charles Beare, Carlo Chiesa and Duane Rosengard

In 

See Guarneri family

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John Dilworth

(d 1685). English violin maker. He worked in Oxford at the end of the 17th century. The baptismal record of his first child in 1672 refers to him as ‘Mr Baker the fidell maker’, possibly the earliest reference to the profession in England. A cello attributed to the same year is thought to be the earliest surviving English cello, and in addition a small viola still in virtually original condition, once in the possession of the Oxford Music School and bearing a facsimile label of ...

Article

Edward Charles Pepe

(fl Mexico, early 17th century). Spanish organ builder working in New Spain (Mexico). Bal, a Franciscan who in 1603 had immigrated to Michoacán from Aragón, came to be held in such high regard throughout the vice-royalty that the capitular acts of Mexico City Cathedral dated ...

Article

Jeannie Campbell

(bap. Edinburgh, Scotland, Dec 5, 1680; d Edinburgh, Sept 1753). Highland Scottish turner, evidently a bagpipe maker. In 1712 he made billiard balls for the officer in charge of Edinburgh Castle. On all the birth records of children born to Barclay and his wife Elizabeth Arbuthnet in Edinburgh parish, ...

Article

(b Copenhagen, Sept 10, 1655; d ?Copenhagen, June 11, 1738). Danish anatomist, doctor of medicine, and polymath. Scion of a famous family of doctors and natural philosophers, he began medical studies with his father in 1671 and three years later was appointed professor of philosophy by King Christian IV. He then travelled for several years, and working in Paris with the anatomist Joseph Guichard Duverney, he first described ‘Bartholin’s glands’ in a cow. Returning to Copenhagen, he took up medical practice and taught medicine and anatomy. In ...

Article

Charles Beare, Carlo Chiesa and Duane Rosengard

In 

See Guarneri family

Article

Anne Beetem Acker

(bap. London, England, Jan 1, 1685; d London, England, by 1735). English spinet and harpsichord maker. His father, also Thomas, was a butcher. He was apprenticed to Stephen Keene from 1 Aug 1699 for seven years and his initials (TB) appear in a Keene spinet of ...

Article

Charles Foster

Double-reed wind-cap aerophone, illustrated in M. Praetorius, Syntagma musicum, ii, Sciagraphia (Wolfenbüttel, 1620), pl.XIII, alongside a consort of crumhorns. No other description or example is known. The wind cap, turnings, and fingerholes resemble those of the extended bass crumhorn illustrated, while the lower section has four keys covered by a large fontanelle, as in the ‘Basset oder Tenor Pommer’ illustrated in pl.XI of Praetorius. Baines argued that the Bassett: Nicolo resembles the instrument referred to in the Cassel inventory of ...

Article

Niall O’Loughlin

(fl London, 1643–80). English trumpet maker and court trumpeter. A medallion, dated by Byrne to 1643, shows ‘SIMON BEAL AET SVAE 28A’ holding a trumpet with a distinctive three-lobed ball on the bell pipe, possibly the earliest evidence of this English feature. Beale is known from two references in Pepys’s diary and other contemporary documents. He was said to work in Suffolk Street, London. In ...

Article

Ugo Ravasio

(b Maclodio, nr Brescia, c1580; d Brescia, after 1661). Italian violin and cittern maker. He moved to Brescia late in the 16th century, and he is mentioned there as a cittern and violin maker in city records between 1634 and 1661. No extant instrument can definitely be attributed to him. A richly ornamented lute by Benti was reported by De Piccolellis (...

Article

(b Reggio nell’Emilia, before 1675; d ?Ferrara, after 1694). Italian writer on wind instruments, cornettist and composer. A few biographical details are in his correspondence with the princes of Este, preserved in the Modena state archive. He was educated in Reggio nell’Emilia at the Servite convent and joined the Servite order; after studying away from home (possibly in Bologna, according to Cavicchi) he returned to Reggio nell’Emilia, then went to Ferrara in ...

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Rob Van Acht

( b Kampen, 1666; d Amsterdam, 1715). Dutch maker of woodwind instruments . He was a pupil of Jan de Jager, whose son Frederik assisted him between 1694 and 1707, and whose niece he eventually married. Boekhout lived in Amsterdam, at first on Keizersgracht and from ...

Article

Denzil Wraight

(fl Florence, Italy, 1626–41). Italian harpsichord and virginal maker. Son of Vincenzo, who was also an instrument maker, he came from Prato to Florence, where he worked in the via dei Servi. Two single-manual harpsichords and eight virginals are connected with his name, but the attribution of two of the virginals has not been confirmed. The ...

Article

(d 1641). Italian harpsichord maker. He originated in Cortona but spent all of his working life in Rome. He was employed at various times by three nephews of Pope Urban VIII to maintain and supply harpsichords, and also to work on chamber organs. His successor in these establishments was Girolamo Zenti. Five surviving harpsichords (only two of which are signed) can reliably be attributed to Boni. Of the two virginals bearing his name (both in the Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC), only the ...

Article

Jaak Liivoja-Lorius

(b Quakenbrück, 1629; d Amsterdam, Jan 28, 1681). Netherlands violin maker of German birth. One of the best-known violin makers of the 17th-century Dutch school, he worked in Amsterdam from at least 1653, when he married there, until his death. He was related by marriage to Gerrit Menslage (...