1-20 of 26 results  for:

  • Performance Practice x
  • Chordophones (Stringed Instruments) x
Clear all

Article

Down-bow. See Bow, §II .

Article

Up-bow. See Bow, §II, 2(i) .

Article

In string playing, denotes ‘up-bow’. See Abstrich. See also Bow, §II, 2(i) .

Article

Ian Harwood

(1) Originally this term denoted the nut (see Nut) of a fretted instrument such as the lute or guitar; it is now generally used to describe a device to shorten the string length, thus facilitating upward transposition without altered fingering. (It is also the term used in Italian writings to describe the stopping of general strings at once by one finger; ...

Article

A type of bowstroke. See Bow, §II, 3(iv).

Article

Echo  

Murray Campbell and Mary Térey-Smith

The repetition of sound after a short time interval. In addition to the applications discussed below the term is used for a signal-processing device (also known as a delay) that produces a slightly delayed playback of sounds either by a tape loop or by digital delay; ...

Article

Edwin M. Ripin

A term sometimes used today for the piano of the 18th and early 19th centuries in order to distinguish it from the 20th-century instrument. German writers sometimes use the terms ‘Hammerklavier’ and ‘Hammerflügel’ for the same purpose. See Pianoforte, §I, 1, Pianoforte, §I, 6, Pianoforte, §I, 7...

Article

Gerhard Kubik

Term coined by Gerhard Kubik in 1965 for a type of acoustic guitar music that had developed in the late 1940s and early 1950s along the Copperbelt mining area in Katanga (southern Belgian Congo) and Northern Rhodesia. Its main exponents include the guitar music composers ...

Article

A kind of ornament. See Ornaments, §7 .

Article

An instruction to a string player to execute a passage or piece on one string. The effect was first used by Paganini in his Sonata Napoleone (1807).

Article

Tony Bacon

A development of the lap steel guitar ( see Hawaiian guitar ) in which the application of pedals enables the player to change instantaneously from one tuning to another. As performing technique developed, players of the Hawaiian guitar came to depend on using a variety of open tunings. In order to be able to move between these tunings at will, players began to use instruments with more than one neck. However, this meant that instruments became increasingly unwieldy as more necks were added. In the 1940s makers such as Bigsby in California and Epiphone in New York started to offer a solution by limiting the number of necks to two but adding pedals which, attached to a system of ‘changers’ and ‘fingers’ on the instrument, would enable the player to alter tunings as desired. At first players were happy to operate the systems as designed, using the pedals to move to new tunings as if they had changed necks. But gradually guitarists adapted the system to provide some novel musical effects, and used the pedals to change the pitch of one string while another was sounding. One of the first recorded examples of this ‘slurring’ effect, which is now considered to be the pedal steel guitar’s most characteristic sound, is featured in a solo played by Bud Isaacs on Webb Pierce’s ...

Article

A kind of staccato bowing. See Bow, §II, 2(iv) .

Article

Picada  

A kind of staccato bowing. See Bow, §II, 2(iv) .

Article

Portato  

A type of bowstroke. See Bow, §II, 3 .

Article

Pousser  

In string playing, up-bow. See Bow, §II .

Article

Puntato  

Sometimes puntato means that notes are to be played staccato when indicated by ‘points’ (dots) above or below the notes in question. Puntato may also be used for ‘dotted’ notes in the sense of a dotted quaver (generally followed by a semiquaver). See also Piquer...

Article

James Tyler

The modern term for the technique of plucking the strings of a guitar with the fingertips or nails of the right hand. Historically, the manner of playing derives from lute technique, and was used by baroque guitarists in conjunction with strumming technique ( see Rasgueado...

Article

Robert Strizich and James Tyler

Term used to describe the technique of strumming the strings of the guitar in a downward or upward direction with the thumb, or other fingers of the right hand. The term rasgueado was used most commonly from the late 19th century, while, historically, the Italian term ...

Article

In string playing, a bowstoke that bounces off the string. See Bow, §II, 3(ix).

Article

David D. Boyden and Peter Walls

A bowstroke played rapidly in the middle of the bow, one bowstroke per note, so that the bow bounces very slightly off the string of its own accord. It is not indicated in any consistent manner: sometimes dots are placed above or below the notes, sometimes arrow-head strokes, and sometimes the stroke is simply left to the performer's discretion. ‘Spiccato’ and ‘sautillé’ are sometimes used as synonyms, though ...