Welcome to Grove Music Online

  • Have questions about how to use the redesigned website? Check out our Help page for a video demo and detailed instructions or read through our FAQs.
  • The authoritative resource for music research with over 57,000 articles written by over 6,000 scholars charting the diverse history, theory and cultures of music around the globe
  • Based on a work first published in 1879 and updated frequently, Grove has been in continuous publication for over a century and now publishes hundreds of new articles and article revisions each year

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Alice Shields

Alice Shields smiling and looking towards audio equipment

Alice Shields is an American composer, opera singer, and educator. Her early works are remarkable for the manipulation of her own voice and texts within an electronic medium. Works from the 1990s and 2000s reflect her intensive study of Indian classical music and dance.

Mode: Rāga

A page from a dispersed Ragamala: Khambavati Ragini (Garland of Musical Modes)

The basic meaning of the Sanskrit word rāga is “emotion,” “affect,” or “passion.” The identity of a rāga seems ultimately to devolve from the associative and expressive effects of its tonal configurations, and for several hundred years Indian theory has had precise, instrumentally determined means for describing intervallic structures and scale-types.

December 2017 Update

We are pleased to introduce you to the new Grove Music Online website featuring a brand new design and improved functionality. Read more about the changes in our December 2017 Letter from the Editor.

Concert in the Egg painting by Hieronymus Bosch

Subject Guides

Learn more about particular time periods or genres with our subject guides. Each guide contains lists of editorially-selected articles associated with a particular time period or genre.

Close up of a conductor hand with sheet music in the background

Updating Grove

Have you ever wondered how Grove is updated? Read about our many projects.

Find out more about Grove’s author updating program, UpdateGMO. Are you a Grove contributor who wants update your article(s)? Let us know.