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  • Frederick Crane


Educational movement begun in Massachusetts, USA, in 1826. Its founder Josiah Holbrook (1788–1854) conceived a national network of local groups whose members aimed to improve each others’ minds by lectures, discussions and presentations. Soon there were thousands of groups all over the USA, and professional touring speakers largely replaced local presenters. Music was at first only occasionally discussed; among the speakers were Lowell Mason and John Sullivan Dwight....

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The New Grove Dictionary of American Music