- Beryl Kenyon de Pascual
- and John M. Schechter
(1) Spanish term for various types of trumpet. In the Middle Ages and Renaissance the word denoted a short, straight trumpet. During the Baroque period the term was applied to the folded trumpet when the instrument was used in art music. It was pitched in D (and C) in Royal Chapel scores until the advent of multiple crooks. The term continued in use during the 19th century; the keyed trumpet, for example, was known as the ...