Show Summary Details

Page of
PRINTED FROM Oxford Music Online. © Oxford University Press, 2019. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single article in Oxford Music Online for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy).


  • Alastair Dick


Friction idiophone, with jingles, described in Sanskrit works of medieval India. The name means literally ‘plank-instrument’, and the instrument was a rectangular wooden board about 60 cm long and 40 cm wide. It had rows of metal rings—threaded, perhaps, through plaited metal wires—at the top and bottom; the board was coated with resin and rubbed with the fingertips. It was held either against the chest or between the knees....

You do not currently have access to this article


Please login to access the full content.


Please subscribe to access the full content.