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  • Alastair Dick


Metal scraper of India, described in medieval Sanskrit texts. The name means literally ‘shell-instrument’ and points to an original use of rough-sided shells. The one described in the 13th-century Saṅgītaratnākara (ed. S. Subrahmanya Sastri, vol.3, Madras, 1951), however, is a long (about 120 cm) flattish tube of bell-metal or iron, roughly 6 cm thick. It has grooves scored across it and is scraped with a conical metal stick (...

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