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Jerome Roche and Tim Carter

(fl 1577–1604). Italian composer. He was born in Messina, Sicily, and joined the Minorite order. He is known to have been director of music at Aquileia Cathedral until late in 1599; on 10 December he was appointed to the same post at Fermo Cathedral. There is no mention of him in connection with this post after ...

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(b Trieste; fl 1572–84). Italian composer and organist . The dedication of Motecta noviter in lucem edita (Venice, 1572) for four voices to Archduke Karl of Austria states that Zacchino was then organist at S Giorgio Maggiore, Venice. Of a second motet book only the altus survives (Venice, ...

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Gerhard Singer

(b Pesaro, June 11, 1555; d Fiorenzuola di Focara, nr Pesaro, March 23, 1627). Italian theorist. His autobiography reveals that as an Augustinian novice in Pesaro in 1568 he was trained in plainsong. By 1573 he was already a subdeacon and a Padre Francesco Fossa da Fossombrone paid for Zacconi’s organ instruction to enable him to earn a living. Zacconi neither cited the names of his music teachers nor mentioned any assignment as organist. A Padre Paolo, identified by Vatielli as ...

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(b Cremona; fl 1590–97). Italian composer. He was active in several towns and cities of southern Germany, first at Munich (1590), although apparently not as a member of the Bavarian court chapel, as Gerber stated. He next appeared at Scheer an der Donau, probably in the service of Prince Henry of Fürstenberg (...

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Lilian P. Pruett

(b Ravenna, Sept 13, 1551; d after 1590). Italian composer. A member of an aristocratic family, he began his musical studies at Ravenna in 1568 with Costanzo Porta, presumably while also preparing for the priesthood at the local seminary: he was ordained on ...

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Charles Beare and Ugo Ravasio

(b ‘Roma de Monteclaro’, 1489–90; d Brescia, 26 April 1560–12 Aug 1561). Italian viol and violin maker . His instruments are the earliest extant examples of the Brescian school. G.M. Lanfranco (Scintille di musica, Brescia, 1533) praised the work of ‘Zanetto Montechiaro’. He is variously recorded in Brescian city records from ...

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A. Lindsey Kirwan and Clytus Gottwald

(b Augsburg, c1555; d after 1607). German composer . His father may be identified with Narcissus Zänkl from Murnau, Bavaria, who matriculated from Ingolstadt University on 1 June 1539 and who copied the 1543 part of the manuscript D-Mu 326. Zängel was a chorister under Lassus in the Bavarian court chapel at Munich in the early 1570s. In ...

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Othmar Wessely and Walter Kreyszig

(b Innsbruck, ? after Oct 31, 1517; d Brunswick, April 5, 1587). Austrian theologian and music theorist . From 1523 or 1524 he was a chorister in King Lajos II of Hungary’s court chapel in Buda under the direction of Thomas Stoltzer. In 1526 he fled to Vienna with the widowed Queen Mary’s retinue and was accepted in Ferdinand I’s Hofkapelle in ...

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Walter Pass and Giulia Vannoni

(b Cesena, c1545; d Prague, Feb 4, 1591). Italian composer. The title-pages of some of his publications and a letter from Emperor Rudolf II of Habsburg indicate that he was from Cesena, and this is confirmed by various later historians. A document in the Archivio Capitolare, Cesena, states that he was ...

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(b Styria, before 1550; d after 1572). Austrian singer and composer . In 1560 he enrolled at the University of Vienna and, until his voice broke in 1562, served as a chorister in the Emperor Ferdinand I's court chapel at Vienna. Later he studied under the Jesuits in the same city and in ...

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Donna G. Cardamone

(b Treviso; fl 1571–6). Italian composer . He was probably the Zappasorgo who in 1576 was listed as a singer and cornettist at Treviso Cathedral. He published two books of three-voice napolitane (Venice, 1571 and 1576) which include variants of successful texts set earlier by his contemporaries. In keeping with the tendency to create hybrid forms, he set four madrigal texts to music in a light vein and placed them prominently in his books. Most of the settings are in ternary form, and the primarily chordal textures are enlivened by syllabic declamation and occasional points of imitation; parallel 5ths are rare....

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Italian composer , probably not identifiable with Pandolfo Zallamella.

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M.K. Duggan

(b Parma, c1450; d Milan, 1510). Italian printer . He was the first printer in Milan, from 1471. His Missale romanum of 1474, the first dated printed missal, and its successor, the first Missale ambrosianum (1475), contain no printed music; scribes filled in the notation, in the latter book with a two-line red and yellow staff. Zarotto later printed the music of Ambrosian plainchant in the missal (...

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Patricia Ann Myers

(b Salò, second half of the 16th century; d after 1590). Italian composer. As with many minor Italian madrigalists of the period, there is little record of his activities. He probably spent much of his career working in the environs of Venice, perhaps in the employ of Lorenzo Vettori, Archbishop of Candia, to whom he dedicated his ...

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Bonnie J. Blackburn

(b Ancona, 1547/8; d ?Naples, after 1602 ). Italian cornett player and writer. He was engaged as a cornett player at the court of Maximilian II in Vienna in November 1569; he left without permission in November 1573 after unsuccessfully seeking a post at the Bavarian court. After a period in Rome he returned to Vienna in ...

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Stanley Boorman

(fl early 16th century). Italian composer. The theorist Giovanni Del Lago mentioned him as having been his teacher in Padua. Three of Zesso's frottolas were intabulated in Bossinensis's second collection (RISM 1511), which contains a number of works by other lesser composers. ...

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E. Fred Flindell

(b Mupperg, nr Coburg, 1554; d Ansbach, bur. Dec 13, 1619). German composer and organist. He was appointed to the collegiate church of St Gumbertus at Ansbach on 16 June 1576 with a yearly salary of 50 florins and remained at this post until his retirement. On ...

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Joseph S.C. Lam

(b 1536; d 1611). Chinese scholar, mathematician and music theorist . Heir apparent of the sixth prince of Zheng under the Ming dynasty, Zhu Zaiyu probably formulated the first system of equal temperament in world history.

Zhu’s achievement was based on the studies of his father, Zhu Houhuan (...

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(b Bergamo; fl 1599). Italian composer. He is known by one work, Missa, beatae vergine cantica, sacraeque cantiones vulgo motecta appellatae, tum viva voce … genere octo vocibus (Venice, RISM 15995). At the time of its publication he was maestro di cappella...

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Franz Krautwurst

(b Rohr, Bavaria, c1518; d Heidelberg, end of July 1568). German composer. In 1529 or 1530 he was a chorister in the electoral court in Heidelberg, where he met Georg Forster, Caspar Othmayr and Jobst von Brandt and, like them, studied with Lorenz Lemlin. Forster later dedicated to Zirler the fourth part of his ...