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Noël Goodwin

(b Bromberg [now Bydgoszcz], Dec 15, 1917). German soprano . A refugee from Nazi Germany in 1934, she went to Palestine and worked as a nurse in Jerusalem; she studied singing there with Rose Pauly and, from 1945, in Zürich with Ria Ginster. Her début as Aida at the Vienna Staatsoper in ...

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Abdul-Wahab Madadi and John Baily

(b Kabul, 1946; d Kabul, 1979). Afghan singer. He was the son of a prominent Afghan politician, Dr Abdul Zāhir, who was prime minister during the period 1971–2. Remarkably for someone from an upper-class Pashtun family, Dr Zāhir encouraged his son's interest in music. As a student at the Lycée Habībī Ahmad Zāhir was a member of a music group, with which he made his first recordings at Radio Afghanistan in ...

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Svetlana Sarkisyan

(b Yerevan, Dec 11, 1956). Armenian composer and pianist. He trained as a pianist with Vlasenko at the Moscow Conservatory (1976–81, 1982–4 as a postgraduate) and simultaneously studied composition with Mirzoyan at the Yerevan Conservatory (1981–5). His repertory as a pianist embraces music of the 19th and 20th centuries in addition to his own compositions and, since ...

Article

Zang  

Laurence Libin

Finger cymbals of central Asia. They are documented from the Sassanid Empire (224–651 ce). The related name zanj is used for cymbals in Iraq. In Uzbekistan zang denotes a wrist or ankle bracelet with small brass or copper pellet bells, worn by dancing girls. ...

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Zār  

Spirit possession ceremony with music. See Egypt, Arab Republic of, §II; Oman, §2, (iv); Somalia; Sudan, Republic of, §1 ; and Yemen, Republic of .

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Zeami  

Masakata Kanazawa

(b? 1363; d ?Aug 8, 1443). Japanese nō actor and writer. As a boy he was known as Fujiwaka. He was the eldest son of Kan'ami Kiyotsugu, the founder of the Kanze school of . Their performance in 1374 so impressed the shogun Ashikaga Yoshimitsu that he invited them to his court and became their lifetime patron, and eventually ...

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Ronit Seter

(b Jerusalem, Feb 2, 1961). Israeli composer. He studied with André Hajdu and Jan Radzynski, then at the Rubin Academy in Jerusalem (BM 1986), with Crumb at the University of Pennsylvania (MA 1990), and at SUNY, Stony Brook (PhD 1995). After returning to Israel in ...

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Natan Shahar

(b Kiev, July 6, 1905; d Tel-Aviv, Aug 1, 1968). Israeli composer of Ukrainian birth . In 1924 he emigrated to Palestine, where he helped to found the Kibbutz Afiqim. The following year he joined the Ohel Workers' Theatre; there he met Yoel Angle who directed the theatre's chorus and wrote incidental music. After Angle's death in ...

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Peng Benle

(b Wuxi, Jiangsu province, Feb 23, 1909; d April 24, 1984). Chinese Suzhou tanci ballad singer . Zhang’s career began at the age of nine as a religious ballad singer travelling with his uncle from one village to another. Reaching Hangzhou in 1921, Zhang joined the Hongqingtang Shaoxing ...

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Joseph S.C. Lam

(b Yangzhou, 1899; d Tianjin, 1991). Chinese qin zither master . Born in the historical site of the Guangling school, Zhang studied qin as a teenager with Sun Shaotao. By his early twenties he was already an accomplished performer, though remaining true to the amateur ideal of the ...

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George J. Grella Jr.

(b Dandong, China, 1973). Conductor of Chinese birth. Zhang studied at the Central Conservatory of Music in Beijing where she undertook conducting at the age of 16 (BA 1994, MA 1996). She made her conducting debut in 1992, leading the China National Opera Orchestra in ...

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Jonathan P.J. Stock

(b Dongyang county, Zhejiang province, Aug 29, 1924). Chinese dizi bamboo flute player . He trained as a teacher in Zhejiang, following this with an education in both Western and Chinese music and a course of legal study in Shanghai (1949). During the 1940s he was active as a music teacher in his home county, joining the Zhejiang Song and Dance Troupe (Zhejiang Sheng Gewutuan) as ...

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Jonathan P.J. Stock

(b Yuncheng, Shandong province, Feb 2, 1924). Chinese zheng zither player . He is noted as a leading exponent of the zheng zither and the two-string fiddle leiqin. A member of the Shandong school of performance, Zhao is also composer of the highly influential ...

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Margarita Pavlovna Fayzulayeva

(b Ural′sk, Kazakhstan, 2/Jan 15, 1911; d Ufa, Bashkir Republic, June 1, 1988). Tatar composer. He was orphaned at the age of five and, 12 years later, made his own way to Moscow to attend a music college before transferring to the conservatory there in ...

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Jonathan P.J. Stock

(b Shanghai, March 12, 1908 or Feb 21, 1909; d 1998). Chinese pipa (plucked lute) and qin (seven-string zither) player . Wei Zhongle was an early member of the influential Datong Ensemble, a group of Chinese musicians who met in Shanghai to improve their own performance skills and to develop from traditional and Western elements a new repertory of ‘national music’ (...

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Joanna C. Lee

(b Beijing, July 8, 1953). Chinese-American composer. Born to artistic parents, he began piano lessons at an early age. During the Cultural Revolution he was sent to work on a rural state farm. He enrolled in Beijing’s Central Conservatory of Music when it reopened in ...

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Colin Mackerras

(b Qingjiang, Jiangsu province, Jan 14, 1895; d Shanghai, March 8, 1975). Chinese actor. A specialist in laosheng (old male) roles, Zhou first performed in such a role in Hangzhou, the Zhejiang province capital, at the age of seven, and in 1907 acted in Shanghai. In ...

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Frank Kouwenhoven

(b Tianjin, Oct 18, 1922). Chinese composer. A self-taught musician, he began his musical career conducting an army brass band in the 1940s. In 1949 he started working in the Shanghai film industry, before studying at the Tchaikovsky Conservatory in Moscow (1955–60...

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Stephen Jones

(b nr Wuxi, 1902; d 1981). Chinese Daoist ritual drum master . Zhu Qinfu was a Daoist priest and master of the ritual music of the southern Jiangsu area known as Shifan gu and Shifan luogu. Brought up in a family of Daoists in Wuxi, he also frequented the élite Tianyun she society. Around ...

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Joseph S.C. Lam

(b 1378; d 1448). Chinese musician and theorist . Born the 17th son of Zhu Yuanzhang, founder of the Ming dynasty, Zhu Quan was a prince of many talents and interests. In Chinese music history he is remembered as the author of two most important documents, the ...