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(b Bayreuth,?Feb 2, 1755/6; d Paris, 1819). German flautist and composer active in France. He was the son of an oboist in service to the Margrave of Ansbach. He studied the flute with his father and at the age of 20 went to Paris to study with Félix Rault, a flautist at the Concert Spirituel. Wunderlich appeared as a soloist as early as ...

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Albert R. Rice

(b Paris, 1754; d Paris, July 5, 1786). French clarinettist, composer and teacher. He studied the clarinet with Joseph Beer and made his first public appearance in 1777 at the Concert Spirituel. One of the earliest French solo clarinettists, Yost was admired for the beauty of his sound and the precision of his execution. He performed on 38 different occasions at the Concert Spirituel in ...

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Olive Baldwin and Thelma Wilson

English family of musicians . Six singers known as ‘Miss Young’ ((3)–(8) below) sang professionally under their maiden names until their marriages and sometimes afterwards.

(b London, bap. Feb 11, 1683; d London, bur. May 8, 1747). Organist and composer . He was organist at St Clement Danes, London, from ...

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Joseph Kerman, Alan Tyson and Scott G. Burnham

In 

See Beethoven, Ludwig van

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(b Frankenhausen, Thuringia, May 1, 1726; d Brunswick, Jan 30, 1777). German poet and editor . After law studies at Leipzig and Göttingen he became a teacher at the Carolineum at Brunswick in 1748, being appointed to a chair in 1761. Der Renommiste, Zachariä’s most famous work, a comic epic in the manner of Boileau and Pope, was published when he was only 18. He also wrote much lyric verse of various kinds, and tales that enjoyed considerable popularity. His lyrics were frequently set to music in the 18th century, and of his larger works ...

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Robert Stevenson and Israel J. Katz

( b Dima, Durango, Dec 27, 1756; d Madrid, March 24, 1826). Basque folklorist and historian . He had his secondary education in Morúa, Alava province, where he studied music, literature and history, and perfected the Castilian language. Early in 1775 he began copying historic documents in the archives of Vitoria and in July of that year went to Madrid to train as a public notary. He worked as such at Madrid from ...

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Anders Lönn and Lennart Hedwall

(b 1753; d Stockholm, Feb 21, 1796). Swedish conductor, violinist, viola player and composer. His father, the bassoonist and oboist Johan David Zander (1714–74), moved from Germany to Stockholm as a member of the orchestra of Prince Adolphus Frederik, who acceded to the Swedish throne in ...

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Johannes Heinrich

(b Zella St Blasii, nr Gotha, April 15, 1733; d Würzburg, Aug 18, 1811). German composer and organist. He was probably a pupil of J.S. Bach in Leipzig in 1748–9; he spent some time in Coburg and took lessons from J.K. Heller before working as a clerk in Banz and organist at Schloss Hohenstein, near Coburg. In ...

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Harris S. Saunders

(b Bologna; d Aug 6, 1767). Italian librettist. A Bolognese nobleman active as poet and orator, he was a member of the Arcadian Academy, in which he used the pseudonym Esterio, and founded his own called the Accademia de’ Nascosti. In addition to at least ten opera librettos for various theatres in Venice and Bologna, he wrote several oratorios and prose translations of a number of French plays, printed variously by Longhi or Pisarri in Bologna between ...

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Galliano Ciliberti

(b Volterra, March 27, 1737; d Perugia, Jan 31, 1788). Italian composer. He studied composition with G.C.M. Clari in Pisa from 1750 to 1754, at the same time performing as a violinist and tenor in Lucca. In 1757 his training in opera began at the Conservatorio della Pietà dei Turchini in Naples, but he abandoned his studies after two years. His subsequent admission to the Accademia Filarmonica in Bologna (...

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Jaak Liivoja-Lorius

(fl c1737–61). Italian violin maker. He probably studied with his father, Giovanni Battista (Johannes Baptista) Zanoli, and left his hometown of Verona to work in Padua (a cello made there, his earliest known instrument, is dated 1737) and Venice (where he registered for jury duty in ...

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Howard Brofsky

(b Bologna, Oct 14, 1738; d Bologna, Nov 1, 1817). Italian composer . Nephew of Francesco Maria Zanotti, a noted Bolognese scientist and scholar, he studied with Martini in the late 1750s. Admitted to the Accademia Filarmonica in 1758, he was principe in 1764...

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Guido Salvetti and Valerie Walden

(b Milan; fl 1763–88). Italian cellist and composer. The dedication of his six trios for two violins and bass (London, 1765) shows that he had given the Duke of York, the dedicatee, music lessons in Italy (the duke had been in Italy from late ...

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Mariangela Donà

(fl late 18th century). Italian printer and publisher . He was in business with his sons under the name ‘Antonio Zatta e figli Librai e Stampatori veneti’, with premises in Venice ‘al traghetto di S Barnaba’; theirs was the largest engraving works in the city, their activity dating back to about ...

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Zygmunt M. Szweykowski

(fl Częstochowa, 1748–65, 1780). Polish composer and musician. In 1748–65, and probably again in 1780, he was a member of the chapel at the Pauline Monastery in Częstochowa as a highly esteemed violinist and virtuoso bass singer. Over 30 manuscripts of his works, dating from ...

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Joseph Vella Bondin

(b Rabat, Aug 25, 1726; d Valletta, March 20, 1804). Maltese composer. As a boy soprano in the Mdina Cathedral cappella, he received his early instruction from its maestro, Pietro Gristi (1696–1738). On 8 July 1738, with financial help from the cathedral chapter, he became a student at the Conservatorio dei Poveri di Gesù Cristo, Naples, under Francesco Feo, Alfonso Caggi and Girolamo Abos. He returned to Malta in ...

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(b Vienna, Sept 14, 1722; d Vienna, Oct 18, 1767). Austrian violinist and composer. After teaching the violin at the Jesuit seminary in Vienna, he became a cathedral musician at the Stephansdom and played at the court chapel. About 1753 he gave violin lessons to Dittersdorf, who later spoke of him as ‘a very fine violinist and a skilful and worthy composer of chamber music. He took great pains with me’. Through Ziegler's recommendation Dittersdorf gained his first musical appointment. Ziegler's chamber and sacred compositions were highly esteemed in Vienna and he was also respected as a virtuoso; Albrechtsberger and Joseph and Michael Haydn praised his playing....

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(bap. Plön, Feb 22, 1741; d Copenhagen, June 13, 1802). German composer and flautist. He learnt to play the flute from his father. In 1757, after he had spent some time in Lübeck, Duke Friedrich Carl of Plön financed his studies in Hamburg, where he took composition lessons with Telemann and flute lessons with F.H. Graf. After the duke’s death, the Duchy of Plön was annexed by Denmark in ...

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Jerzy Gołos

(b1752; d1829). Polish organ builder. Active in Kraków and its environs, he seems to have specialized in large structures, building organs for Wawel Cathedral (1785), St Mary (1800) and the Franciscan and Dominican churches. The Dominican church organ perished in the great fire of ...

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Milan Poštolka and Darina Múdra

(b Breitenau [now Široká Niva], nr Bruntál, bap. Dec 27, 1741; d Pressburg [now Bratislava], cOct 8, 1781). Austrian composer. He probably received his musical education in Silesia; later he was organist at the cathedral in Königgrätz (now Hradec Králové, Czech Republic). From the early 1770s he was active in Pressburg, where his Singspiel ...