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Tutu  

Raymond Ammann

An onomatopoeic term for conch horns in all languages of New Caledonia. In the Paicî language, however, the conch is called tuu and this name also refers to the call of the pigeon déa tuu (Ducula goliath). When heard from a distance, the sound of the pigeon and that of the conch can hardly be distinguished. Conches blown for signalling are reported in early ethnographic notes for New Caledonia; the shells are also decorative objects with powerful symbolism, for example as a metaphor for the conception of life. On the Grande Terre (main island) only the conch ...

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Samuel Cottell

(b Budapest, April 11, 1928; d Sydney, April 4, 2013). Australian pianist, music arranger, composer, music director, and conductor of Hungarian Jewish origin. At a young age Tycho appeared as soloist performing concertos on live radio broadcasts with the Budapest Philharmonic Orchestra. He subsequently enrolled at the Franz Liszt Academy of Music, studying the piano with ...

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David B. Pruett

(b Whangarei, North Island, New Zealand, Oct 26, 1967). country recording artist of New Zealand birth. As one of few Australians to appear atop the American country music charts, Keith Urban first attained widespread commercial success in the United States in the late 1990s. Urban grew up in Australia listening to American rock, pop, and country, and such Australian country artists as Reg Lindsay and Slim Dusty. Already a successful artist with EMI Australia, having four number-one hits to his name, Urban moved to Nashville in ...

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Vanuatu  

(formerly New Hebrides). See Melanesia, §III, IV.

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Noël Goodwin

(b Melbourne, June 6, 1926). Australian conductor and musicologist. He studied in Melbourne and London, where he made his conducting début in 1953 as assistant to Beecham with the RPO, and worked with Knappertsbusch at Bayreuth. As a scholar he became absorbed by textual inaccuracies between autograph and published texts of operas by Verdi and Puccini, and was drawn into dispute with the Ricordi publishing house. He published papers on Verdi (...

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Australian company founded in 1962 in Melbourne as the Victorian Opera Company.

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Adrian Jackson

(b Melbourne, Australia, Aug 22, 1937). Australian drummer and leader. He began playing jazz in the Melbourne area around 1958, and early in his career worked in bands led by Alan Lee, Keith Hounslow, and Brian Brown; he was a key member of Brown's bands between ...

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Alistair Gilkison

New Zealand music publisher . It was established in 1967 by Douglas Lilburn at the School of Music, Victoria University of Wellington. Lilburn's aim was to make inexpensive editions of New Zealand music available to conductors, performers, students and libraries worldwide. Preference was given to works which had recordings commercially available from Kiwi Pacific Records. Most publications are facsimile reproductions of composers' original manuscripts but since ...

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Gary W. Kennedy

(b Melbourne, Australia, Sept 28, 1945). Australian double bass player. His elder brother played clarinet and saxophone in Australian dixieland groups. Initially a trumpeter, Wall taught himself to play double bass by listening to recordings by Oscar Pettiford. From 1962 he performed regularly and accompanied many visiting soloists, including Clark Terry, Mel Tormé, and Billy Eckstine. In ...

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(b Melbourne, Jan 28, 1952). Australian violinist. She took lessons from Jack Glickman and made her début in 1969 playing the Mendelssohn Violin Concerto with the Melbourne SO. In 1971 she came to the RAM in London, where she studied with Frederick Grinke; two years later she won the Bach prize in the Flesch competition. She took up the Baroque violin in ...

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Adrienne Simpson

(b Christchurch, Sept 24, 1947). New Zealand musicologist . After completing degrees in English literature and music at Victoria University of Wellington (1966–71) he took the DPhil in musicology at Oxford (1971–6). In 1976 he became a lecturer in English at Victoria University and transferred to the university’s school of music in ...

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(b Sydney, Sept 28, 1938). Australian alto saxophonist and flutist. He started on flute and then clarinet as a youth, and was inspired to take up saxophone in his late teens after hearing Paul Desmond. In 1959 he began performing professionally. The following year he moved to England, where he worked at first with Alexis Korner, and later performed and recorded with such diverse musicians as John Stevens (early ...

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Roger Covell

(b Melbourne, 1930; d Sydney, July 28, 1981). Australian bass-baritone. Encouraged by the National Theatre movement, he made his début as Leporello in 1955 in Melbourne; he sang in every Australian Opera season from the first one in 1956 to 1981, and played the leading bass and bass-baritone roles there during that time. Rare guest appearances abroad took him to Sadler’s Wells, London, and to New Zealand (...

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Martin Lodge

(b Winton, Sept 29, 1933; d Dunedin, March 6, 1973). New Zealand composer. He studied music from an early age with his father, an amateur violinist. Graduating from the University of Otago (diploma in music 1957), he then worked as a string player in Wellington. From ...

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Adrienne Simpson

Capital city of New Zealand. It was chosen as the seat of government in 1865 on account of its central location. During the early years of settlement, which began in 1840, musical activity was dominated by military bands, which provided music for balls, public events and outdoor promenade concerts. Home music-making was a favourite pastime, and newspaper advertisements for music teachers and music shops appeared regularly from around ...

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Andrew D. McCredie

(b Berlin, Feb 22, 1922; d May 3, 2012). Australian composer of German origin. He received his early musical training from his father Boaz Bischofs Werder, a composer and conductor at a Berlin synagogue, and the Schoenbergian Arno Nadel. Following the rise of anti-Semitism in Germany, the family moved in ...

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Adrian A. Thomas

(b Adelaide, June 10, 1945).Australian composer. From 1965 to 1967 he studied composition with Peter Tahourdin, Peter Maxwell Davies and others at Adelaide University; there an enduring interest in electronic music was aroused. In 1971 he went to Britain, undertaking postgraduate studies at York University, where he completed the DPhil. In ...

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Company established in 1967 in Perth .

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Roger Covell

(b Perth, Sept 6, 1958). Australian composer and clarinettist. Son of Donald Westlake, a former principal clarinettist of the Sydney SO, he studied the clarinet with his father. Among his composition teachers were Richard Meale, Richard Mills and Theo Lovendie. Noted for his breath control and for the strength of his tone, Westlake has led his own Magic Puddin’ Band (...

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J.M. Thomson and Elizabeth Kerr

(b Whangarei, April 23, 1941). New Zealand composer. Part-Maori, she was born into a musical family and began composing at an early age. After attending the University of Auckland (1959–62) and Victoria University, Wellington (BMus 1964), she studied composition with Sculthorpe at the University of Sydney (MMus ...