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Article

Joseph Kerman, Alan Tyson and Scott G. Burnham

In 

See Beethoven, Ludwig van

Article

Malcolm Gillies

In 

See Bartók, Béla

Article

77  

Mark Gardner

Record company and label. The company was established in 1957 by Doug Dobell (b London, 1918; d Nice, France, 10 July 1987), the owner of a record store in London. The first discs to be released were 10-inch EPs, which were put out in limited quantities. Later the catalogue was expanded to include 12-inch LPs; by the mid-1970s the company had issued more than 50 albums, mostly of traditional and mainstream jazz. The catalogue included recordings made by such English musicians as Tubby Hayes, Bruce Turner, Dick Morrissey, Keith Smith, Kenny Baker, and Tony Coe and items by visiting Americans, among them Bud Freeman, Eddie Miller, Buck Clayton, Albert Nicholas, and George Lewis (i). In ...

Article

78  

Generally a shellac disc of 10- or 12-inch diameter, recorded and played back at 78 r.p.m., and having a playing time of three to four minutes per side; see Recording, §I, 1, (i). The last commercially issued 78 r.p.m. discs from the mid-1950s onwards were often pressed on vinyl rather than shellac....

Article

Joseph Kerman, Alan Tyson and Scott G. Burnham

In 

See Beethoven, Ludwig van

Article

Joseph Kerman, Alan Tyson and Scott G. Burnham

In 

See Beethoven, Ludwig van

Article

9/11  

Jeffrey Melnick

Almost immediately after four hijacked planes crashed on 11 September 2011 conversations started about how the tragedy should be understood in the context of popular culture. Discussions about violence and popular culture also arose, seemingly fed not only by the basic truth that 11 September was a day of terrible carnage but also by the notion that the mode of attack was inextricablae from visual codes developed by Hollywood. During the first weeks after 9/11, numerous commentators insisted that Americans would be shaken out of their consumer habits and refuse to pay to see violent movies: it quickly became clear that music would play a special role as a cultural first responder on this new landscape....

Article

A (i)  

Robert C. Provine

Obsolete Korean barrel drum considered to be of Chinese origin. As described in the treatise Akhak kwebŏm (1493), the a was a brightly decorated bulging barrel drum with small heads. It was 146.8 cm long with a circumference in the middle of 64.4 cm and a head diameter of 18.1 cm. The player lifted the instrument with both hands by means of two cloth loops tied to metal rings in the middle of the body and then pounded it against the ground....

Article

A (iii)  

Gary W. Kennedy

Record company and label. It was established in 1975 by Trevor Watts and John Stevens and released only three recordings, two by the Spontaneous Music Ensemble and one by the group Amalgam.

R. D. Laing and C. Sheridan: Jazz Records: the Specialist Labels (Copenhagen, 1981)...

Article

A (iv)  

Subsidiary record label established by Challenge in 1994 for the release of recordings by newly emerging jazz artists; it also issued some pop music.