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Bertil H. van Boer

(b Hudiksvall, 1720/21; d Uppsala, May 7, 1781). Swedish violinist and composer. His earliest music education was from his father, organist at the church at Hudiksvall in northern Sweden. In 1738 he was admitted to Uppsala University, which he attended while employed part-time as his father's successor in Hudiksvall. In ...

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Andrew D. McCredie

(b Osnabrück, 1763; d Bückeburg, Jan 26, 1806). German violinist and composer. His first engagement was as an instrumentalist and composer at the Burgsteinfurt court (1786–90), where Count Ludwig of Bentheim-Steinfurt, in his diary, acknowledged Westerhoff's facility as a composer. He then spent several years on concert tours, appearing in The Hague in ...

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(b Strasbourg, April 18, 1759; d Paris, April 1823). Alsatian composer and cellist. According to Choron and Fayolle he was a pupil of F.X. Richter. In the title-pages of his works his name appears as J. Widerkehr l'aîné and in his six violin duos opp.3 and 4 (...

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Brian Frith and Simon McVeigh

(b Gloucester, bap. June 15, 1761; d after 1811). English violinist, viola player and composer. He studied the violin with Giardini, leader at the Three Choirs festivals, and between 1777 and 1780 he appeared frequently at London concerts playing chamber music alongside his teacher. Later he spent two years in Italy studying with Nardini and ‘others of the most eminent musicians in Italy’. For much of his time he was in Naples and Florence. He returned to England in ...

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Sterling E. Murray

(b Mergentheim, Oct 7, 1758; d Hamburg, Feb 8, 1822). German cellist and composer. He began his musical career at the age of nine as an alto in the Mergentheim Hofkapelle, and five years later he was appointed organist at the Dominican church. After studying theology at the universities in Würzburg and Heidelberg, ...

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Ellwood Derr

(b Neustadt, nr Coburg, Aug 21, 1751; d Lübeck, March 7, 1802). German composer and keyboard player. He received his first training in music from Jakob Adlung in Erfurt and continued his studies with G.S. Löhlein in Leipzig. For a short time he was tutor in the ducal house in Mitau (now Jelgava), then spent some time in Hamburg under the tutelage of C.P.E. Bach. In the early 1790s he was in Berlin before settling permanently in Lübeck (...

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Camillo Schoenbaum and Robert Münster

(b Bohemia, 1715–20; d Munich, bur. July 1, 1774). Violinist and composer, of Bohemian descent. He was a bondsman in Bohemia of Count Franz Xaver Wieznik, to whom he is said to have presented a fine team of horses in return for his freedom. In ...

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Michelle Garnier-Panafieu

(bap. Orléans, Sept 21, 1750; d Clermont-Ferrand, Dec 19, 1815). French violinist and composer. He was born into a wealthy family and took his name from his godfather Woldemar, Count of Lowendal, Marshal of France. According to Lottin, in his youth he was held prisoner at the Sabot d’Angers, where he developed his talent for the violin. In Paris he took lessons with Lolli and became a well-known violinist. He said that he performed his ‘Fandango, air favori des Espagnols’ (published in ...

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(b Vienna, Jan 7, 1775; d Iaşi, Romania, c1819). Austrian guitarist . The first native Viennese to achieve prominence as a guitarist, he was essentially an amateur, since his profession was that of an imperial court accountant. Wolf married the pianist Anna Mrasek in ...

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Camillo Schoenbaum and Robert Münster

(b Vienna, 1728; d Munich, Dec 5, 1796). Austrian cellist and composer . His father Tobias Woschitka (b c1683; d 24 March 1752) was a bassoonist in the imperial Hofkapelle in Vienna. Franz Xaver Woschitka was chamber virtuoso from 1750 to 1765...

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Milan Poštolka and Roger Hickman

(b Nová Říše, Moravia, June 13, 1761; d Vienna, Aug 6, 1820). Czech composer, violinist and music teacher active in Vienna, brother of Paul Wranitzky. He attended the grammar school at the Premonstratensian monastery in Nová Říše and later studied philosophy and law at a Jesuit seminary in Brno. His earliest musical training included violin lessons from his brother; he was also known for his beautiful voice. Before ...

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Milan Poštolka and Roger Hickman

(b Nová Říše, Moravia, Dec 30, 1756; d Vienna, Sept 26, 1808). Czech composer, conductor and violinist active in Vienna, brother of Anton Wranitzky. He studied singing and the organ, violin and viola at the Premonstratensian monastery grammar school in Nová Říše, and later at Jihlava (...

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Jamie C. Kassler

(b Stockton-on-Tees, Sept 18, 1763; d Wycliffe Rectory, nr Barnard Castle, Nov 24, 1829). English musician and inventor . Wright was instructed in music by his father, Robert, by John Garth and, as an articled apprentice, by Thomas Ebdon. On expiration of his articles about ...

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Olive Baldwin and Thelma Wilson

(bc 1751; d Charleston, sc , Aug 12, 1796). English soprano . She made her début as Diana in Lionel and Clarissa (February 1770, Drury Lane), when the prompter Hopkins noted: ‘A very fine Voice – Aukward & Clumsy figure – Well faced’. She played some romantic leads at first but soon became established as Lucy rather than Polly in ...

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(b Bayreuth,?Feb 2, 1755/6; d Paris, 1819). German flautist and composer active in France. He was the son of an oboist in service to the Margrave of Ansbach. He studied the flute with his father and at the age of 20 went to Paris to study with Félix Rault, a flautist at the Concert Spirituel. Wunderlich appeared as a soloist as early as ...

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Albert R. Rice

(b Paris, 1754; d Paris, July 5, 1786). French clarinettist, composer and teacher. He studied the clarinet with Joseph Beer and made his first public appearance in 1777 at the Concert Spirituel. One of the earliest French solo clarinettists, Yost was admired for the beauty of his sound and the precision of his execution. He performed on 38 different occasions at the Concert Spirituel in ...

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Joseph Kerman, Alan Tyson and Scott G. Burnham

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See Beethoven, Ludwig van

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Anders Lönn and Lennart Hedwall

(b 1753; d Stockholm, Feb 21, 1796). Swedish conductor, violinist, viola player and composer. His father, the bassoonist and oboist Johan David Zander (1714–74), moved from Germany to Stockholm as a member of the orchestra of Prince Adolphus Frederik, who acceded to the Swedish throne in ...

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Guido Salvetti and Valerie Walden

(b Milan; fl 1763–88). Italian cellist and composer. The dedication of his six trios for two violins and bass (London, 1765) shows that he had given the Duke of York, the dedicatee, music lessons in Italy (the duke had been in Italy from late ...

Article

(b Vienna, Sept 14, 1722; d Vienna, Oct 18, 1767). Austrian violinist and composer. After teaching the violin at the Jesuit seminary in Vienna, he became a cathedral musician at the Stephansdom and played at the court chapel. About 1753 he gave violin lessons to Dittersdorf, who later spoke of him as ‘a very fine violinist and a skilful and worthy composer of chamber music. He took great pains with me’. Through Ziegler's recommendation Dittersdorf gained his first musical appointment. Ziegler's chamber and sacred compositions were highly esteemed in Vienna and he was also respected as a virtuoso; Albrechtsberger and Joseph and Michael Haydn praised his playing....