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Article

T. Herman Keahey

(b Lindau; fl c1522–49). German music theorist . He matriculated at Freiburg University in 1522, and from 1549 was a chaplain and schoolmaster in Feldkirch, Vorarlberg. His treatise, Musicae rudimenta (Augsburg, 1542), is a brief Latin didactic work intended to convey the elements of music to schoolboys. The first part, in seven chapters, deals with plainchant (i.e. pitch notation), including notation, keys, solmization, mutations of hexachords, intervals and modes. The music examples, in ...

Article

Klaus Wolfgang Niemöller

(b ?Fulda, c1445; d Wittenberg, 1505). German composer and theorist. Until about 1490 he was at the Benedictine monastery of Vornbach, near Passau, but he had to leave it when he married. In 1490 he entered the service of Frederick the Wise of Saxony, working first as a singer, then as a historiographer (from ...

Article

Victor H. Mattfeld

(b Allendorf an der Werra, c1490; d Abterode, c1557). German theologian, Protestant poet and hymn writer . Born of a ‘comfortably and honorably ancient family’ (Sessions, 129), he entered the Franciscan monastery in Riga by 1522. He was sent to Rome in ...

Article

Walonis  

David Fallows and Ian Rumbold

( fl c1440). Composer of O Maria stella maris, perhaps only a fragment (vv.21–4) of a complete three-voice setting of the Marian sequence Salve mater salvatoris (AH, liv, 1915/R, 383–6), in D-Mbs Clm 14274. The treatment of the cantus firmus (Rajeczky, no.II/16) in the tenor and the low range of the contratenor indicate that the piece is later than most other works in this manuscript....

Article

Andrew Hughes

(d ?c1422). English theorist . He was almost certainly the monk and historian of St Albans Abbey, who became precentor and scriptorarius there in the 1380s. This information comes from the register of benefactors of the abbey (now in GB-Ccc ). After becoming prior of Wymundham (now Wymondham), ...

Article

Tom R. Ward

( fl c1440). Composer, perhaps (from his name) of English origin. He is known only through a setting of the text Alle dei filius found in D-Mbs Clm 14274 (see K. Dèzes, ZMw, x, 1927–8, pp.65–105). The work is for three voices with the cantus firmus in the tenor....

Article

Hans Joachim Marx

(b Freiburg, c1495; d Strasbourg, Aug 1536). German organist and composer . From 1510 he studied at Freiburg University and two years later he was appointed organist at the cathedral there. In 1512 he spent a short time in Basle where he took lessons with the organist, possibly Johannes Kotter. In ...

Article

Gerhard Croll and Andrea Lindmayr-Brandl

Gerhard Croll and Andrea Lindmayr-Brandl

(b Oudenaarde, c1445; d after 1516). Franco-Flemish composer. He is one of the main representatives of the Franco-Flemish school in the generation of Josquin Des Prez, although Weerbeke’s work clearly shows Italian influence.

Born out of wedlock in the diocese of Tournai in eastern Flanders, Weerbeke was presumably educated in the Franco-Flemish area, possibly at the ...

Article

Victor H. Mattfeld

(b Nuremberg, c1477; d Wittenberg, late Nov 1542). German organist and composer . From 1492 he studied at Leipzig University before spending the years 1496–8 as organist at the Heilig-Geist-Kirche in Nuremberg. He then went to Erfurt University. In 1506 he succeeded Adam von Fulda as organist at the Schlosskirche at Wittenberg, and from ...

Article

M.K. Duggan

(b Strasbourg; fl 1472–99). Alsatian printer, active at Basle . He established his printing shop in 1472, working with the first printer at Basle, Berthold Ruppel, and with Bernhard Richel. His name appears with Jacob von Kilchen’s (‘impensis spectatissimorum virorum MW et JK’) on a spectacular series of printed music books of ...

Article

Andrew Hughes

(fl early 15th century). Theorist . He was a Carmelite friar, perhaps of the Netherlands, who probably lived in Italy. His brief treatise, Regule (ed. in CoussemakerS, iii, 262–4), is appended to the manuscript I-FZc 117 (pp.58–9), known as the Bonadies Codex. It also appears in a Bologna manuscript, ...

Article

Jaromír Černý

(b Grudziądz, c1400; d?Silesia, c1480). Poet and composer, probably of German descent . From 1418 he studied at the University of Kraków, taking the BA in 1425 and the MA in 1430. In the 1430s and early 40s he was probably active in Vienna: his ...

Article

(b c1475–80; d 1515 or later). English composer. He was appointed parish clerk at Eton College in 1496, and may possibly have been a scholar there (one of probably two Wylkynsons who were Eton scholars in the early 1490s); he was a singing clerk in ...

Article

Another name for the composer Biquardus. See Picard family, §2.

Article

Stephen Keyl

(d before March 6, 1502). German composer. A cleric by this name held a benefice controlled by the Elector Palatine from about 1490 until 6 March 1502, when it was given to another, since Wolff had died. This circumstance, together with the transmission of Wolff's works in publications edited by Georg Forster, who had studied and gathered music in Heidelberg, led Pietzsch to conclude that Wolff belonged to the Palatine court in Heidelberg. Most of Wolff's 11 songs (all in RISM ...

Article

Klaus Wolfgang Niemöller

(b Serouville, Lorraine, c1480; d Nancy, after May 23, 1541). Lotharingian theorist and historiographer . Although his family name was actually Wolquier, his Latin musical writings, first published in Germany, carry the name ‘Wollick’; his French historical and literary writings, published in Lorraine, were ascribed to ‘Volcyr’. As a result, musicologists have neglected the other aspects of Wollick’s work. He was the son of a poor patrician and studied at Cologne University from ...

Article

Patrick Macey, Jeremy Noble, Jeffrey Dean and Gustave Reese

In 

See Josquin (Lebloitte dit) des Prez

Article

Guy Oldham and Stephen Bicknell

(fl Oxford, 1483–9). English organ builder . In 1486 he constructed a ‘pair of organs’ (i.e. an organ) for the chapel of Magdalen College, Oxford for the sum of £28, and in 1488 repaired it for 40s. In 1487 he entered into an agreement with R. Fitzjames, warden of Merton College, to make a similar instrument, also for £28. According to the late 17th-century antiquary Anthony Wood, who believed that Wotton's first name was William, he was the father of Lambert Simnel, pretender to the English throne in ...

Article

(b Swabia or Alemannia, between 1470 and 1475; d c1540). Swiss composer. He was a travelling minstrel (‘ioculator egregius’) until about 1510. He was offered the position of court jester to the Count of Württemberg, but declined it. Later he probably lived in Augsburg and Basle. From about ...

Article

(b Thaxted, Essex, c1445; dWells, ?September 1505). English church musician and poet . The stepson of a schoolmaster, he was a chorister of King’s College, Cambridge, during 1455–6 and a scholar of Eton College from about 1459 to 1464, whence he returned to King’s College and graduated MGram in ...