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J.M. Thomson

(b Lower Hutt, Aug 31, 1945). New Zealand composer, pianist, writer and teacher. She grew up in a musical family and began piano lessons at the age of seven. She graduated from the University of Otago, first in English and then in piano and composition (BMus ...

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Tony Gould

(b Sydney, Feb 8, 1947). Australian singer. She first studied piano. From 1968 to 1971 she sang with a cooperative group, the Affair, touring Australia and England, after which she joined the Daly–Wilson Big Band and worked as a studio musician and in cabaret. In ...

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Adrienne Simpson

( b Christchurch, Jan 5, 1949). New Zealand composer and administrator . After initially working as a civil engineer, he completed the BMus at Canterbury University, New Zealand, in 1973 and followed this with postgraduate composition studies at Southampton University with Eric Grabner and Jonathan Harvey. Since ...

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E. Douglas Bomberger

(b Montmédy, France, Aug 9, 1789; d Sydney, Australia, Jan 6, 1856). French harpist, conductor, and composer. A large and imposing man who was among the greatest harpists of the 19th century, Bochsa was denoted by Fétis “as distinguished an artist as he was a miserable man.” Bochsa fled France in ...

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John Young

( b Te Aroha, Oct 7, 1944). New Zealand composer . He studied at the University of Auckland with Ronald Tremain, then, after an influential period working with Lilburn in the electro-acoustic music studio at Victoria University of Wellington, in Cologne with Kagel and at the Institute of Sonology, Utrecht. He was a guest lecturer at the Music Academy, Yogyakarta (...

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Philip Nunn

(b Beaufort, Victoria, May 4, 1942; d Norwich, May 30, 1975). Australian composer. After training as a teacher, he studied at the Melbourne University Conservatorium (1963–7), where he went on to hold a teaching position (1968–73). The following year he moved to England, where he taught at the University of East Anglia (...

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Arthur Jacobs and Noël Goodwin

(b Sydney, Sept 29, 1930). Australian conductor. He studied the piano at the NSW Conservatorium (Sydney) with Lindley Evans, formerly Melba’s accompanist, and in London with Herbert Fryer, and developed a special interest in vocal technique. Having known the soprano Joan Sutherland in Australia, he became her adviser in London and decisively influenced the direction of her vocal and artistic development; they were married in ...

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Wooden clappers used under a wide variety of names by aboriginal Australians.

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Bora  

Bullroarer of the Borli people, Northern Province, Papua New Guinea. It is used during initiations and is represented to women and the uninitiated as the voice of evil spirits.

E.W. Chinnery: ‘Notes on the Natives of South Bougainville and Mortlock (Tahu)’, Territory of New Guinea Anthropological Report...

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Botgef  

Raymond Ammann

Panpipe of the island of Espíritu Santo in Vanuatu. It has six to eight graduated bamboo tubes and is used in ensemble for polyphonic performance. The names of the tubes correspond to the members of a family. For example, in the Morouas language the longest tube is called ...

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J.M. Thomson

(b Wellington, Nov 16, 1952). New Zealand composer. One of a musical family, she studied the violin and piano with Gwyneth Brown who gave her a comprehensive and imaginative musical foundation. From 1977 she began to sing with vocal ensembles and choirs such as Cantoris. In ...

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Sally Macarthur

(b Sydney, April 18, 1946). Australian composer. Recognised as one of Australia’s most distinguished composers, Boyd graduated with a BA Hons (1967) from the University of Sydney, where she studied with Peter Sculthorpe, and a PhD in musical composition from the University of York in England (...

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Irene Weiss Peery

(b Sydney, June 29, 1886; d Philadelphia, June 20, 1948). Australian-American pianist, composer and teacher. He was first taught the piano by his mother and then, from 1901, by Sydney Moss. In the same year he made a concert tour of more than 280 towns and cities in Australia, Tasmania and New Zealand; further tours followed. From ...

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Malcolm Gillies

(b Kalgoorlie, May 26, 1942). Australian composer. After completing a BA in music and mathematics at the University of Western Australia (1962), he undertook research into the music of Seiber (MA, 1968) and Webern (PhD, 1970), at the same institution. In ...

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Kay Dreyfus

(b Melbourne, Nov 6, 1884; d Sydney, Aug 14, 1956). Australian composer. She studied in Melbourne with Alicia Rebottaro and Mona McBurney. The majority of her 290 published songs were composed in England, where she lived from 1912 to 1939, and published by Allans, Enoch and Boosey. Her most enduringly popular songs (and two of her three musicals) were written in collaboration with Helen Taylor, notably ...

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Arthur Jacobs

(b Dunedin, Jan 9, 1896; d London, Jan 18, 1971). New Zealand conductor . After study at the RAM from 1916, he joined the O’Mara Opera Company (a British touring company) as a conductor in 1919, and thereafter was associated with opera for most of his career. After a period at the BBC’s West Region he became a regular conductor of the Vic-Wells (later Sadler’s Wells) Opera from ...

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Brere  

Raymond Ammann

Bundle panpipe of Vanuatu. It is called brere in the Fimele language on Santo island, bepwe sangawulu in Wailapa, nehr in several languages in northwest Malakula, and nimbucan in Nahai’i on Tomman Island. There is no formal difference between the Santo and Malakula bundle panpipes. In both cases the upper end of the bamboo tubes are half-open (the node is pierced only in the centre) and completely open at the bottom, the distal end being cut above the node. All the instruments have a fixed order of tubes arranged according to length. The tubes can number from six to ten. For example, in Brenwei village in northwest Malakula the instrument consists of six bamboo tubes. The longest are named ...

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Elizabeth Wood and Adrian A. Thomas

(b Orroroo, S. Australia, June 29, 1887; d Adelaide, July 8, 1949). Australian pianist and composer. A member of a notable pioneer musical family, he was taught the organ by his father and gave his first public recital at the Adelaide Town Hall at the age of seven. In ...

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Christine Logan

(b Sydney, June 28, 1949). Australian composer. Largely self-taught as a composer, he studied harmony, counterpoint and orchestration in Sydney with Mary Egan and Christopher Nicholls. In 1975 he attended seminars with Rands and Berio and the following year was assistant to Sculthorpe and the composer and pianist with the improvisatory group Axis. From ...

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Gordon D. Spearritt

Capital city of Queensland, Australia. The population was only 829 in 1846, but had risen to over 100,000 by 1900 (mostly owing to European migration) and 1·5 million in the 1990s. In the 1850s there were some visiting musicians; the first suitable venue for music was Mason's Concert Hall (...