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(b Lucca; d Lucca, April 23, 1797). Italian mezzo-soprano castrato. In 1736 he was appointed first soprano to the Palatine Chapel in Lucca. He sang in two operas (including Hasse's Demetrio) at Rimini in 1737, at Venice in 1738–9 in operas by Pergolesi, Lampugnani, Hasse and Porpora, and in Reggio nell'Emilia in ...

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Robert Stevenson

(b Planes, Alicante, Feb 15, 1740; d Rome, Jan 12, 1817). Spanish literary historian and music critic. He was professed in the Society of Jesus on 24 December 1754 and studied at Tarragona, Manresa, Gerona and Valencia from 1754 until 1763, when he was ordained a priest. Four years later, while teaching rhetoric and poetry at the University of Gandía, he was exiled with the rest of the Spanish Jesuits. He went first to Corsica, then to Italy, where he taught philosophy at Ferrara until ...

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Henri Vanhulst

(b Liège, 1718/19; d Liège, Jan 12, 1804). Flemish music engraver and publisher. His publications, only rarely dated, bear the address ‘At Liège, behind St Thomas’. Some editions were engraved by Mlle Jeanne Andrez, his daughter, who continued the business until after ...

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Michael F. Robinson, Mary Hunter and Marita P. McClymonds

(b Taggia, April 25, 1727; d Rome ?Feb 1797). Italian composer. According to the Dizionario biografico degli italiani, he entered the Loreto Conservatory, Naples, in 1744 and there specialized in the violin. Having left the conservatory about 1752, he played in the orchestra of one of the small Neapolitan theatres. After about ten years in that profession (Ginguené), he decided to become a composer and took composition lessons from Sacchini and Piccinni. His first opera, ...

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Hildegard Herrmann-Schneider

(b St Johann in Tyrol, May 24, 1740; d Fiecht, Tyrol, Aug 7, 1794). Austrian composer. He was the son of the organist Stefan Angerer (1711–after 1777), who gave him his early musical instruction. As a boy he attended the Gymnasium of Hall in Tyrol; he was a chorister at the Königliches Damenstift there, which had an excellent Kapelle, ...

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(b Florence, Feb 9, 1731; d Milan, Feb 6, 1803). Italian choreographer, dancer and composer. Along with his rival Jean-Georges Noverre, Angiolini was one of the principal exponents of the new danza parlante, or ballet en action. He began his dance career in Lucca (...

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Almonte Howell

(b Rafalés, Aragon, 1730; d Valencia, Feb 9, 1816). Spanish organist and composer. While serving as maestro de capilla at the collegiate church of Alcañiz, near Zaragoza, he competed in 1761 for the position of organist at Valencia Cathedral in succession to Vicente Rodríguez. He was narrowly defeated by Manuel Narro, though his playing was judged superior ‘en el estilo moderno’, but Narro remained only briefly and Anglés received the appointment on ...

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Theodore Fenner

(b Reggio Emilia, c1765; fl 1786–1826). Italian bass. Between 1786 and 1794 he sang in some of the leading theatres in Italy, including those at Bologna, Florence, Venice, Turin and Milan. In 1794 he went to Vienna, singing in operas by Cimarosa and Paisiello at the Hoftheater until ...

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Peter Branscombe and David J. Buch

In 

See Schikaneder family

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(b Berlin, Nov 9, 1723; d Berlin, March 30, 1787). German patron, amateur musician and composer. The youngest sister of Frederick the Great, she seems to have sought and received his advice on musical matters. A music exercise book, dated 1735, which she shared with her sister Luise Ulrike, indicates an early commitment to musical studies, but it is not certain precisely when Amalia’s formal musical training began. By ...

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(b Wolfenbüttel, Oct 24, 1739; d Weimar, April 10, 1807). German amateur musician and patron. She was the daughter of Duke Karl I of Brunswick and a niece of Frederick the Great. As a child she was given a good musical education. At the age of 16 she married the 18-year-old Duke Ernst August Konstantin of Saxe-Weimar; after his death two years later until the accession of her eldest son Duke Karl August on ...

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John D. Drake, Zdeňka Pilková, Douglas A. Lee, Thomas Bauman and Nancy B. Reich

In 

See Benda family

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See Hataš family

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Julian Rushton and Rebecca Harris-Warrick

In 

See Philidor [Filidor] family

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Barbara Garvey Jackson and Ursula M. Rempel

In 

See Krumpholtz family

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Winton Dean

(b Macerata, c1705; d ?Rome, 1779 or later). Italian alto castrato. Venice (1727 and 1729), he was engaged in 1729 for the Saxon court at Dresden at a salary of 792 thaler. He sang there in Hasse’s Cleofide (1731) and ...

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Dennis Libby

(b Rome, ?Feb 20, 1744; d Florence, July 5, 1826). Italian tenor. He began in opera seria in 1768 at Bologna and Venice, then appeared at Udine in 1770. He sang in Copenhagen (Sarti’s Demofoonte, 1771) and Germany, resuming his Italian career in ...

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Elisabeth Cook

(b Paris, ?1721; d Paris, ?July 7, 1784). French librettist. From the 1750s he held various posts at the Opéra-Comique, including that of sous-directeur under Monnet, and wrote more than 30 opéra comique librettos during a period of important stylistic transition. His earliest works, often collaborations with the playwright Pierre-Augustin Lefèvre de Marcouville, were greatly reliant on vaudevilles and material parodied from the Bouffons’ repertory. These were followed by collaborations with Laruette and Egidio Duni, the two composers most influential in the transition to the ...

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Karl Kroeger

(b Frederick, nr Bethlehem, PA, March 24, 1740; d Bristol, England, Dec 17, 1811). American composer. He was educated in the Moravian boys’ school at Bethlehem; among his early teachers was Johann Christoph Pyrlaeus (1713–85). For several years during the early 1760s Antes manufactured musical instruments in Bethlehem, and is known to have made at least seven string instruments (five violins, a viola, and a cello) of which a violin and viola are in museums in Nazareth and Lititz, Pennsylvania, respectively. He is thought to have also made several keyboard instruments, although none bearing his name is known. In ...

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Olive Baldwin and Thelma Wilson

In 

See Young family