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Bruce Johnson

(bSydney, March 31, 1922; dSydney, Aug 11, 1987). Australiansaxophonist, clarinetist, and bandleader. He began to play saxophone in 1933 and joined George Fuller before working as a freelance musician and in wartime entertainment units. Following the war he performed in nightclubs and pit orchestras, and in coffee lounges in Melbourne (...

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Christopher Fifield

(b Würzburg-Heidingsfeld, Aug 28, 1866; d Darmstadt, Sept 1, 1925). German conductor. He trained as a violist and played in the opera orchestras of Mainz and Schwerin. After touring Australia and New Zealand (1892–5) he went to England in 1895 as musical director of Frank Benson’s Shakespearean company. The following year he returned to Germany and played in the orchestra at the Bayreuth Festival. Here his conducting talents were discovered by Felix Mottl and Cosima Wagner and he acted as an assistant for the festivals of ...

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Bruce Johnson and Roger T. Dean

(b Melbourne, Australia, Sept 7, 1914; d Sydney, June 13, 2012). Australian bandleader, composer, and pianist, brother of Roger Bell. He began classical piano studies at the age of 11, and was introduced to jazz by his brother. In 1941 he held a pioneering jazz residency at Leonard’s Café in Melbourne and played for the Contemporary Art Society, indicating his radical interests. After working briefly in Queensland (...

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Bruce Johnson

(b Melbourne, Australia, Jan 4, 1919; d Melbourne, Australia, June 17, 2008). Australian trumpeter, washboard player, composer, singer, and bandleader, brother of Graeme Bell. He first worked as a drummer, then in 1938 began to play cornet. Having worked in Melbourne with his brother at Leonard’s Café, he briefly led the band at Heidelberg Town Hall (...

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E. Douglas Bomberger

(b Montmédy, France, Aug 9, 1789; d Sydney, Australia, Jan 6, 1856). French harpist, conductor, and composer. A large and imposing man who was among the greatest harpists of the 19th century, Bochsa was denoted by Fétis “as distinguished an artist as he was a miserable man.” Bochsa fled France in ...

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Arthur Jacobs and Noël Goodwin

(b Sydney, Sept 29, 1930). Australian conductor. He studied the piano at the NSW Conservatorium (Sydney) with Lindley Evans, formerly Melba’s accompanist, and in London with Herbert Fryer, and developed a special interest in vocal technique. Having known the soprano Joan Sutherland in Australia, he became her adviser in London and decisively influenced the direction of her vocal and artistic development; they were married in ...

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Arthur Jacobs

(b Dunedin, Jan 9, 1896; d London, Jan 18, 1971). New Zealand conductor . After study at the RAM from 1916, he joined the O’Mara Opera Company (a British touring company) as a conductor in 1919, and thereafter was associated with opera for most of his career. After a period at the BBC’s West Region he became a regular conductor of the Vic-Wells (later Sadler’s Wells) Opera from ...

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Bruce Johnson and Roger T. Dean

(b Adelaide, Australia, Jan 5, 1926; d Sarasota, FL, October 28, 2010). Australian vibraphonist, drummer, arranger, composer, and bandleader. He was playing xylophone by the age of six and later studied piano and drums; he became interested in jazz while serving in an RAAF entertainment unit (...

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Tony Gould

(b Melbourne, Australia, Dec 29, 1933). Australian composer, tenor and soprano saxophonist, and bandleader. He was self-taught as a musician. He formed his first group, a quintet, in 1956, and this quickly became prominent in Australian experimental jazz. Later he led and composed for a number of ensembles, and he recorded numerous albums from ...

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Adrian Jackson

(b Deniliquin, Australia, July 28, 1944). Australian drummer and bandleader. He began playing traditional jazz with the Red Onions Jazz Band (1960–c1975), which was popular in Melbourne, and toured Europe in 1967 and 1970. From 1970 he explored modern jazz styles, working with the saxophonist Ken Schroder, Vince Jones, and Paul Grabowsky, among others. He also performed with Phil Woods, Milt Jackson, Mal Waldron, Johnny Griffin, Art Hodes, Jay McShann, Wild Bill Davison, and Jimmy Witherspoon. In ...

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Harold Rosenthal

(b Melbourne, Jan 28, 1883; d St Albans, Jan 25, 1970). Australian conductor . He studied in London with August Wilhelmj and in Leipzig with Arthur Nikisch. After engagements in Breslau and Görlitz he settled in England and was engaged by the Moody-Manners Opera Company (...

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Roger T. Dean

(b Sydney, May 26, 1942). Australian trumpeter, singer, and bandleader. In 1959 he participated in Sydney Jazz Club workshops. After playing in 1961 with the Melbourne New Orleans Jazz Band, the following year he formed his Olympia Jazz Band in Sydney, which included the guitarist and banjoist Geoff Holden (who had introduced him to jazz), the clarinetist Peter Neubauer, and the double bass player Dick Edser, and which often played at the Brooklyn and Orient hotels. In ...

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Werner Gallusser

(b Timaru, New Zealand, May 16, 1919; d Perth, Feb 22, 2003). New Zealand conductor, educationist and administrator, resident in Australia. He studied in Dunedin, Otago (MusB 1946) and London, where he won composition prizes at the RAM (1948). He played both the violin and bassoon in his early years, but decided to devote himself to fostering national and international cooperation in music education, working at all levels from pre-school to advanced and adult education. He taught in Dunedin from ...

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Graham Hair and Greta Mary Hair

(b Sydney, Jan 19, 1945). Australian composer, conductor and teacher. She studied English and French at the Australian National University (BA 1966) and music with Larry Sitsky at the Canberra School of Music; later she studied at the Kodály Institute in Hungary (Diploma of Music Education ...

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Derek Coller

(b Melbourne, Australia, Feb 21, 1931). Australian trombonist and bandleader . Originally a brass-band musician, from 1948 he led his own semiprofessional jazz bands, the Jazz Bandits (1948–50) and the Jazz Kings (1950–62). He began playing professionally in 1962 as a member of the Melbourne New Orleans Jazz Band, which visited England in ...

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Bruce Johnson

(b Emmaville, Australia, Sept 10, 1904; d Sydney, 6 or April 7, 1979). Australian bandleader, trombonist, trumpeter, arranger, and singer. From 1922 he worked in Sydney and Melbourne in the bands, among others, of Bill James (1923), Frank Ellis (1924...

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David Tunley

(b Sydney, Feb 1, 1931). Australian musicologist, music critic and conductor. He graduated from the University of Queensland with the BA in 1964 and founded the department of music at the University of New South Wales, Sydney, in 1966 (the university first offered music as an interdisciplinary study before it established an institute of practical studies and music education). He took the doctorate at New South Wales in ...

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Andrew D. McCredie and Samantha Owens

(b Sydney, Australia, April 16, 1887; d Brisbane, Australia, July 31, 1959). Australian conductor, composer, and music collector. He studied with Arthur Mason and Gordon Lavers in Sydney. In 1912 he was appointed organist and choir director at Christ Church Anglican Cathedral and conductor of the choral society in Grafton, New South Wales. After war service he went to London for further study with Frederick Bridge, R.R. Terry, and Charles W. Pearce. He returned to Australia in ...

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Bruce Johnson and Roger T. Dean

(b Freeling, nr Gawler, Australia, Oct 25, 1914; d Adelaide, South Australia, March 24, 2003). Australian composer, bandleader, pianist, arranger, and trombonist. He was first exposed to jazz through recordings, notably those of Duke Ellington. In 1945 he took over the leadership of the Southern Jazz Group, a dixieland band in Adelaide, and in ...

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Bruce Johnson

(b Sydney, Aug 22, 1943). Australian bandleader, drummer, composer, and arranger. He first played in pop groups, then from 1959 worked in nightclubs and recording studios. After touring in the USA with the singer Kirby Stone, Si Zentner, and Buddy DeFranco (1967–8...