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Susan Wingrove

City in Alaska, USA. Anchorage Opera, a nationally recognized regional non-profit-making company founded by Elvera Voth, its artistic director, presented Pagliacci as its first production in 1975, followed by The Ballad of Baby Doe to celebrate America’s 1976 bicentenary, then La bohème in 1977. In ...

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Bari  

Pierfranco Moliterni

City in Apulia, southern Italy. Despite the many musical associations of the region, Bari had no real theatre until the mid- 19th century. From 1815 to 1835 the Teatro del Sedile, the only building capable of holding even 250 people, presented recitals, concerts, drama and opera. Between ...

Article

Village in Italy near Grosseto, Tuscany, the site of an opera festival since 1974. The festival, which takes place during July and August, was founded by the designer Adam Pollock on the site of a ruined monastery, Santa Croce; the theatre is an open-air cloister in which performances are given in the late evening by the company Musica nel Chiostro (‘Music in the Cloister’). It was inaugurated by a performance of Purcell’s ...

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Bolzano  

Alessandro Roccatagliati and Giuliano Tonini

City in the South Tyrol, northern Italy. Performance licences furnish sporadic evidence that operatic entertainments were staged during the Bolzano fairs in the 17th and 18th centuries by travelling companies. For 15 years from 1784 a wealthy merchant family, the von Menz, organized Carnival seasons in the Palazzo Mercantile of Italian (usually comic) opera given in German, mainly by local artists. Translations were made on the spot from librettos and scores originating mostly in Vienna, Naples and Venice. To this period belong Franz Bühler’s Singspiels ...

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Carmel  

Paul Hertelendy

Coastal town in California. Since the 1960s the Carmel Bach Festival under its music director Sandor Salgo has given a summer season including operas and oratorios, with the emphasis on Handel until the mid-1970s and thereafter Mozart. Its first opera production, at Sunset Theater, was Monteverdi’s ...

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Galliano Ciliberti

City in Umbria, Italy. At Carnival 1629, to celebrate the marriage of Vittoria and Gianfrancesco Vitelli, the tourney Il toro celeste was staged with musical intermezzos by Pietro Gambari (libretto in I-CCc and Vgc ). The Accademia degli Illuminati was formed in 1650 and 12 years later it commissioned the architect A. Gabrielli to build the Teatro degli Illuminati. The theatre was inaugurated on ...

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Robert D. Hume and Arthur Jacobs

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Robert D. Hume and Arthur Jacobs

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Michaela Freemanová

Town in Moravia. Among the theatres at all the castles belonging to Count Johann Adam Questenberg (1678–1752), the one at Jaroměřice was the most important. It was first opened to the local public in 1722, and completely rebuilt in 1731; the stage was altered in ...

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Arrigo Quattrocchi

City in the Marches region of central Italy. In July and August an open-air opera season is held in the Arena Sferisterio, built in 1829 for the game of pallone and restored in 1966. Its stage is 90 metres long, and the semicircular auditorium can hold 6000. Count Pier Alberto Conti organized the first seasons of opera in ...

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Pierfranco Moliterni

Town in Apulia, south-east Italy. Its cultural and musical history is closely connected with its geographical position – it was formerly part of the kingdom of Naples – and with its architectural status as one of the finest southern Baroque towns. The Palazzo Ducale, designed by G. A. Carducci, was begun by Duke Petraccone V Caracciolo in ...

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Arrigo Quattrocchi

Town in central Italy, in the province of Siena (Tuscany). It is the headquarters of the Cantiere Internazionale d’Arte, a music festival started in 1976 by Hans Werner Henze. The initial idea of the Comune’s administration was to found a festival with special characteristics in a small town where there was little musical activity. In the Cantiere, both young and mature artists are invited from all over the world to take part in works of entertainment, actively cooperating at all levels (administrative, executive, creative) with the residents of the town. The word ‘cantiere’ (workshop) refers above all to this interchange between professional guests and citizens. The artistic director from ...

Article

Charles Pitt

Capital of Tenerife, in the Canary Islands. The Teatro de la Calle de la Marina was built in 1835 and became the island’s principal theatre. The first opera to be performed there was Constantino, an opera seria in three acts by Carlos Guigou to a libretto by José Placido Sansón, followed shortly by the same composer’s ...

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José López-Calo

Cathedral city in north-west Spain. Santiago Cathedral was one of the most important shrines for pilgrimage during the Middle Ages. Built over the grave of St James, patron saint of Spain, the present structure was begun in 1078 and represents classic Spanish romanesque architecture. The pilgrimages left their mark on the music of the cathedral and, according to the 12th-century Calixtinus manuscript (...