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Robin Langley

(b c1749; d after 1794). English composer, organist and cellist. According to his recommendation by Francis Hackwood to the Society of Musicians, on 1 February 1784 he was 35 years old, married with two children, organist of Brompton Chapel and a competent violinist, viola player and cellist. He performed as a cellist in the Handel commemoration concerts in ...

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Michael Kassler

(b Woburn, Beds., Sept 24, 1766; d London, Jan 6, 1826). English geologist and writer on music. He was a tenor in the Surrey Chapel Society which met weekly in Southwark to practise sacred music. In 1791, when that society became part of the Choral Fund, Farey served as secretary and librarian and became acquainted ‘with numbers of the most eminent’ practitioners of music. The next year he returned to Woburn as the Duke of Bedford’s land steward and warden of Woburn parish church; from ...

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Lothar Hoffmann-Erbrecht

(b Zwickau, bap. Feb 5, 1732; d Gera, Aug 2, 1792). German composer and Kantor. He probably received his musical education from his father, Johann Gottfried Gruner (d 1763), a Kantor in Zwickau and Gera. In 1764 he succeeded his father as Kantor at the Landesschule and Johanniskirche in Gera and held these positions until his death. His compositions include keyboard concertos, chamber works, a secular cantata and sacred pieces; most are easy and pleasant pieces for musical dilettantes revealing little originality, although he was highly esteemed by his contemporaries. When his house was destroyed by the large Gera fire in ...

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George J. Buelow

(d Glaucha, nr Halle, 1744). German organist and writer on music. His only known position was as Kantor at St Georg, Glaucha, from 1732 (he should not be confused with the organist of the same name at the Johanniskirche in Leipzig, 1747–66). Hille was acquainted with J.S. Bach, whom he visited in Leipzig some time about ...

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(b Rosenthal, Saxony, Feb 2, 1714; d Dresden, June 2, 1785). German composer, organist and Kantor.

The son of a Lutheran pastor, he spent his childhood from 1714 in Porschendorf (Pirna district). After his father’s death in 1722 he attended the Annenschule in Dresden, where in ...

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Ellwood Derr

(b Arnstadt, Aug 24, 1740; d Kahla, nr Jena, June 25, 1823). German writer on music and organist. On the title-page of his first published treatise, Versuch eines Lehrbuchs der praktischen Musik (Gera, 1783), he is referred to as a registered attorney to the dukes of Saxony and church organist in Eisenberg, and in ...

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Sharon E. Girard

(b April 12, 1760; d March 1, 1797). Venezuelan composer, violinist, organist, pianist, educator and church musician. On 11 May 1789 he married Sebastiana Velásquez, sister of the composer José Francisco Velásquez. He composed mainly for Caracas Cathedral, in 1791 receiving 184 pesos for a collection of his sacred music; he was also employed by church confraternities. In ...

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Richard Jones and Peter Wollny

( b Oelsnitz, Nov 25, 1737; d Merseburg, March 14, 1801). German Kantor and composer . He studied music first under the Oelsnitz Kantor J.G. Nacke, and then at the Thomasschule, Leipzig (1749–56). Penzel studied law at Leipzig from 1756 until 1761. After an unsuccessful attempt in ...

Article

Almonte Howell

( b Cifuentes, nr Madrid; d Madrid, Jan 2, 1800). Spanish liturgist and singer . He may have been the Vicente Andrés Pérez from Cifuentes (b 4 Feb 1746) who was admitted as a choirboy to the seises of Toledo Cathedral in 1756...

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Watkins Shaw and Nicholas Temperley

(b Canterbury, bap. Jan 13, 1760; d London, Jan 18, 1806). English organist. He is celebrated as the composer of the hymn tune ‘Miles Lane’. He was a chorister of Canterbury Cathedral and became organist of Bangor Cathedral in 1782; but his tendency to associate with religious dissenters there led to his receiving notice of dismissal in ...

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Dieter Härtwig

(b Beierfeld, April 2, 1735; d Niederzwönitz, nr Zwönitz, July 19, 1811). German Kantor and composer. In 1749, through the assistance of G.A. Homilius, he was awarded a scholarship to the Dresden Kreuzschule, where he studied for six years. In 1755 he became Kantor and schoolteacher in Hohenstein-Ernstthal, where he remained until his retirement in ...

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Dieter Härtwig

(b Hohenstein-Ernstthal, June 2, 1777; d Glauchau, July 12, 1839). German Kantor and composer, nephew of Christian Gotthilf Tag. He received his early education from his uncle, then attended the Leipzig Thomasschule for eight years, where he was encouraged by J.A. Hiller. After studying philosophy and theology at Leipzig University he became Kantor in Jessen (...

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Jamie C. Kassler

(b Stockton-on-Tees, Sept 18, 1763; d Wycliffe Rectory, nr Barnard Castle, Nov 24, 1829). English musician and inventor . Wright was instructed in music by his father, Robert, by John Garth and, as an articled apprentice, by Thomas Ebdon. On expiration of his articles about ...