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Nancy B. Reich

work became known to the musical world. Almost without exception, Clara played at the première of each work he wrote for or with piano; and almost all his orchestral works were introduced in concerts in which she was the solo artist. In 1878 Clara Schumann became principal teacher of piano at the Hoch Conservatory in Frankfurt, but did not relinquish her performing career. Her presence attracted students from all over the world and especially from England, where she was an immensely popular performer. She made her last public appearance as a pianist in 1891

Article

Kornel Michałowski and Jim Samson

life of the capital, not only by the Opéra, naturally, but also by the ‘swarm’ of pianists who were launching the new season of concerts just as Chopin arrived. He even considered a course of lessons with one of the most famous of them, Frédéric Kalkbrenner. It was partly through Kaklbrenner’s offices that Chopin arranged his first Parisian concert, which took place in the Salle Pleyel on 26 February 1832 ( fig.1 ), and included the E minor Concerto. A supportive and perceptive review by Fétis clearly did Chopin no harm at all. Nor did his growing acceptance by other

Article

Suzanne Clercx-Lejeune

Pierre continued his itinerant career in the prince's entourage, accompanying him on all his travels, in Austria and to Paris, Mariemont and Tervuren. He also continued to compose numerous symphonies. As peace approached, however, he began to think of settling, and in 1762 he obtained a seven-year contract as director of the Brussels Grand Théâtre; there he conducted, and was in charge of choosing the repertory: tragedies and comedies of the French theatre, as well as opéras comiques which he had composed ( La bagarre ), arranged ( Les soeurs rivales ) or written

Article

least 25 boleros or seguidillas boleras for 1–3vv, acc. gui/pf, some pubd; 33 ariettas, lv, pf, all pubd London; Sp., It., Eng. songs and duets, acc. pf, all pubd London or Paris; cant.; O crux, ave spes unica, motet; mass, lost Instrumental waltzes, quadrilles, other pieces, pf 2–4 hands, all pubd; March for military band, arr. pf, pf 4 hands (St Petersburg, c 1826) 3 pieces for harpolyre (Paris, c 1830) 2 syms., 3 str qts, Concertante, gui, str trio, all lost Bibliography MGG1 ( H. Radke ) ‘Sor’, Encyclopédie pittoresque

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three small children’. Nothing further is known of Grabu's activities until April 1683 , when he competed unsuccessfully for a post in the French royal chapel. That autumn Thomas Betterton recruited him ‘to represent something at least like an Opera in England for his Majestyes diversion’. His setting of Dryden's allegorical opera Albion and Albanius was put into rehearsal during winter 1684 , only to be interrupted by Charles II's death on 6 February 1685 . It was finally produced on 3 June, but ran for only six nights before being interrupted by Monmouth's rebellion

Article

Friderica Derra De Moroda and Elisabeth Cook

(pastorale en ariettes et vaudevilles, 3, Desfontaines or P.-T Gondot), Fontainebleau, 1773 Apelles et Campaspe (ballet, choreog. Noverre), Paris, Opéra, 1 Oct 1776 Spurious La mort d’Hercule (ballet, choreog. Noverre), 1762 [by Deller] Other works Ariette en simphonie (Paris, 1764) Lauda Jerusalem, motet a grand choeur, perf. Paris, Concert Spirituel, 13 May 1779, lost Other inst (all pubd Paris, n.d.) 1er concerto, hn ( c 1779) 2me concerto, hn; 24 fanfares, 3 hn; easy fanfares, 2 hn; vn duos, 3 vols.; vn études, 2 vols.

Article

Lionel Salter

first rank; he later made five world tours. Almost entirely self-taught as a composer, Manén had begun to write at 13, and in 1900 he conducted a concert of his own works in Barcelona. His first opera, Juana de Nápoles (produced when he was 19), was well received at the Barcelona Liceu, and he immediately followed this with Acté , for which (as for all his later operas) he wrote his own libretto. He then spent time in Germany, where he acquired an admiration for Wagner and Richard Strauss, which can be observed in his orchestral writing. Strauss’s influence on his

Article

Peter Holman and Robert Rawson

where according to Walther he composed ‘more German operas’. During this period a number of his instrumental collections were published by Roger of Amsterdam. By 1706 he was in Breslau in the service of Duke Karl Philipp of Neuberg, the younger brother of the Elector Palatine. He remained in Karl Philipp's service for the rest of his life; in October 1707 he was a Kammermusiker in the Innsbruck Hofkapelle and rose to the position of Konzertmeister in 1708 . In that same year Finger was back in Berlin, where his operas Der Sieg der Schönheit über die Helden and

Article

interest of his chamber works. His brother Joseph(-Antoine) Godecharle ( b Brussels, bap. 17 Jan 1746 ; d Brussels, 21 March 1829 ) was first oboist at the royal chapel from 1766 until the chapel was disbanded in 1794 , and in 1768 oboist in the orchestra at the Brussels Opéra. Another brother, Louis-Joseph-Melchior ( b Brussels, bap. 5 Jan 1749 ; d Brussels, 8 June 1807 ), was attached to the church of St Michel et Ste Gudule as a singer, and was a baritone at the royal chapel until 1794 . Works 6 sinfonie a 4 o 8 partite

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choir in Gregorian chant, and in 1909 visited the Benedictine monastery at Maria Laach, Germany, where he studied chant practice. He remained active in the musical life of Boston, retaining unofficial ties with the Boston SO; he was a member of the board of directors of the Boston Opera Company, and served as an adviser on various competition juries. Loeffler also had interests in New York, serving as an adviser on the foundation of the Juilliard Graduate School ( 1924 ). Loeffler's major occupation was composition. He was a skilled and careful, even fastidious,

Article

Herbert C. Turrentine

made possible by his position with the Prince de Conti, which shielded him from the exploitation of publishers. Soon after his arrival in Paris Schobert married a Frenchwoman by whom he had at least two children. In 1765 he made a single, and thoroughly unsuccessful, venture into opéra comique , with La garde-chasse et le braconnier (he had earlier contributed to a pasticcio). The only remaining information concerning his life is Baron Grimm’s account of his gruesome death, along with his wife and one child, as a result of eating poisonous mushrooms. Grimm’s eulogy

Article

Lynda MacGregor and Christina Bashford

he was engaged by the theatre, where he frequently played before the Prince Regent. In 1794 Lindley succeeded John Sperati as principal cello at the Italian Opera in London and at all the major concerts. Dragonetti joined the Opera the same year and he and Lindley became working companions, sharing a desk at the Opera, the Philharmonic, the Ancient Concerts and provincial festivals for many years. At the Opera they were particularly well known for their accompaniments of recitativo secco , at a time (up to c 1837 ) when keyboard instruments were absent from the continuo

Article

Gérard Streletski

ability to play numerous instruments led several Parisian editors to ask him to develop some instrumental methods, particularly for the cornet à pistons , flute, trombone and even the harmonium and accordion. He left numerous arrangements of operas which also testify to his teaching qualities. ( FétisB ) Works all published in Paris Pf arrs. of ops: arrs. of operatic selections for fls, cornets, trbn etc. Exercises and studies for wind insts Inst tutors: a and b ophicleide (1835, 1854, 1861), flageolet (1841, 1855), hmn (1844), s saxhorn (1846, 1854, 1868)

Article

Philip Bate and Geoffrey Burgess

Belgian oboist . He was the second, and most distinguished, of three brothers who began their musical lives as boy sopranos (the De Busscher Trio). All three studied the oboe under Guillaume Guidé at the Brussels Conservatory. Albert, the youngest, became oboist at the Monte Carlo Opéra, and then first oboe with the New York SO until 1913 . Henri’s first engagements were with the Ysaÿe Orchestra, the Brussels Opera, and then in Paris. In 1904 , having decided against conducting or singing as a career, he joined Henry Wood’s Queen’s Hall Orchestra, remaining there

Article

Faik Chelebi

uncle Mirza Mansur Mansurov ( 1887–1967 ). His grandfather, B.M. Meshadi Melik Mansurov ( 1833–1909 ), was director of the Baku Mugam School. In 1929 Bakhram Mansurov finished his musical education. From 1932 to 1985 he worked at the Opera Theatre of Baku as a soloist and chorus master and accompanied arias in mugam operas by Uzeir Hajibeyov ( 1885–1948 ), Muslim Magomayev ( 1885–1937 ) and Zul′figar Hajibeyov ( 1884–1950 ). He also accompanied such celebrated khanende ( mugam singers) as Dzhabbar Kargyagdï ( 1861–1944 ), Seid Shushinsky ( 1889–1965 ), Zul′fi

Article

Frank Dawes

play anything but Bach in England or on his many American tours. He memorized all Bach’s keyboard music, which he presented with ‘extraordinary clarity, sobriety, and sense of shape’ (E. Blom, Grove5 ), and with obvious and infectious enthusiasm. But his repertory was large and his tastes were catholic; he was a fine exponent of Brahms’s concertos and an accomplished chamber music player. Samuel’s few compositions include music for As You Like It (His Majesty’s Theatre, 1907 ), a comic opera The Hon’ble Phil , songs and piano pieces. Bibliography

Article

W.H. Husk and Edward H. Tarr

Snow, Valentine ( b ?London , c 1700 ; d London , Dec 1770 ). English trumpeter . He was possibly the son of Moses Snow . Valentine Snow became the finest trumpeter of his day. In the early 1730s he was a member of Handel’s orchestra. From 1733 he played with the Opera of Nobility, returning to Handel’s company in May 1736 for Atlanta , the overture of which contains a spectacular solo trumpet part. In 1737 he was mentioned as a trumpeter in George II’s First Troop of Horseguards, and in 1738 he became a charter member of The Royal Society of Musicians

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Edward Blakeman

Joseph ) ( b Saint Amour, Jura , May 17, 1889 ; d Brattleboro, VT , Nov 1, 1984 ). French flautist . He studied at the Paris Conservatoire with Paul Taffanel, winning a premier prix in 1906 . He played principal flute in various Paris orchestras, notably the Opéra-Comique from 1913 to 1938 , appeared widely as a soloist and made many recordings. These display his innate musicianship and distinctive intensity of tone, much influenced by contemporary singers. Ibert's Flute Concerto was dedicated to Moyse, and he gave the work's première in 1934

Article

Michael O’Loghlin

repertory, performance, and composition was significant. During his time with Prince Frederick William he was a tireless arranger, producing versions of more than 80 major works, mostly opéras-comiques and tragédies from Paris, for two viols, sometimes with a third (bass) line. These arrangements, now in the Königliche Hausbibliothek in Berlin, also include ten motets by Campra and operas from the Berlin repertory by Carl Heinrich Graun. Dates on some of these volumes, together with premiere dates of the original works, indicate that Hesse remained with the prince into

Article

Lynda MacGregor

g, nr Munich , July 30, 1941 ). German cellist , son of Jean Becker . He studied with his father and with Kanut Kündinger, Grützmacher, de Swert and Piatti. After his solo début at Leipzig and quartet tours with his father and siblings, he became solo cellist of the Frankfurt Opera ( 1884–6 ), taught at the Hoch Konservatorium in Frankfurt from 1894 , and was cellist of the Heermann Quartet ( 1890–96 ). He succeeded Hausmann as professor at the Berlin Hochschule für Musik ( 1909–29 ). Becker was highly regarded as a teacher. His pupils included Eisenberg, Arnold