Brussels (Flem. Brussel; Fr. Bruxelles)
- Robert Wangermée
- and Henri Vanhulst
Capital city of Belgium. The city dates from the 10th century, when it consisted of a small group of artisans and merchants gathered round the military encampment of the Duke of Lorraine. In 1012 it became part of the territory of the Count of Leuven. From the 13th century it developed as a centre of textile manufacture; it was well known in the 15th and 16th centuries for its tapestries. It became important when the dukes of Brabant came to live there, and when Brabant was absorbed into the Burgundian territories Brussels retained a privileged position as their favoured residence. As a result it became the administrative and political capital of the principalities of the Low Countries, and frequently housed the governors of these territories under the King of Spain in the 16th and 17th centuries and the Emperor of Austria in the 18th. When Belgium became independent in ...