Show Summary Details

Page of
PRINTED FROM Oxford Music Online. © Oxford University Press, 2019. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single article in Oxford Music Online for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy).

Cantata (It.; Fr. cantate; Ger. Kantate)locked

  • Colin Timms,
  • Nigel Fortune,
  • Malcolm Boyd,
  • Friedhelm Krummacher,
  • David Tunley,
  • James R. Goodall
  •  and Juan José Carreras

Extract

A work for one or more voices with instrumental accompaniment. The cantata was the most important form of vocal music of the Baroque period outside opera and oratorio, and by far the most ubiquitous. At first, from the 1620s in Italy, it was a modest form, but at its most typical it consists (notably in Italy in the later 17th century) of a succession of contrasting sections which by the early 18th century became independent movements, normally two arias, each preceded by a recitative. Most Italian cantatas of this period are for a solo voice, but some were written for two or more voices. Up to the late 17th century the cantata was predominantly a secular form, but the church cantata, which included choral movements ranging from simple chorale harmonizations to complex, extended structures, was a major feature of Lutheran music in early 18th-century Germany. The standard form of accompaniment gradually expanded from continuo alone in the mid-17th century to an orchestra, including obbligato instruments, in the 18th. Cantatas, mainly secular, were also fairly widely cultivated elsewhere, especially in France and Spain and to a lesser extent in England. Both the secular and the sacred cantata sharply declined in importance after the middle of the 18th century. In contrast to the previous 100 years and more, the cantata has enjoyed no consistent independent existence since then, and the term has been applied, somewhat haphazardly, to a wide variety of works which generally have in common only that they are for chorus and orchestra....

You do not currently have access to this article

Login

Please login to access the full content.

Subscribe

Please subscribe to access the full content.

San Lorenzo de El Escorial, Monasterio, Real Biblioteca
Jaén, Catedral, Archivo Capitular
Music & Letters
Die Musikforschung
Die Musik in Geschichte und Gegenwart
Lisbon, Biblioteca Nacional, Centro de Estudos Musicológicos
Revue belge de musicologie
Wellesley Edition Cantata Index Series (Wellesley, MA, 1964-72)
Nuova rivista musicale italiana
Early Music
La musica: enciclopedia storica
Musical Times
Bibliotheca musica bononiensis (Bologna, 1967-)
Zeitschrift der Internationalen Musik-Gesellschaft
Archiv für Musikforschung
Bach-Jahrbuch
Tesoro sacro musical
Sammelbände der Internationalen Musik-Gesellschaft
Journal of the American Musicological Society
C. Sartori and R. Allorto: Enciclopedia della musica
International Musicological Society: Congress Report [1930-]
The New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians
Musical Antiquary
K.G. Fellerer: Geschichte der katholischen Kirchenmusik (Düsseldorf, 1939, enlarged 2/1949; Eng. trans., 1961/R)
Guatemala City, Cathedral, Archivo Capitular
Madrid, Biblioteca Nacional
Zeitschrift für Musikwissenschaft
Monatshefte für Musikgeschichte
Santiago de Compostela, Biblioteca de la Universidad
Bulletin of the American Musicological Society
R. Stevenson: Renaissance and Baroque Musical Sources in the Americas (Washington DC, 1970)
Analecta musicologica
E. Vogel: Bibliothek der gedruckten weltlichen Vocalmusik Italiens, aus den Jahren 1500 bis 1700 (Berlin, 1892/R)
J.R. Anthony: French Baroque Music from Beaujoyeulx to Rameau (London, 1973, 3/1997)
Die Musik in Geschichte und Gegenwart
Musical Quarterly
Archiv für Musikwissenschaft
Paris, Bibliothèque Nationale de France
Valladolid, Catedral Metropolitana, Archivo de Música
E. Schmitz: Geschichte der weltlichen Solokantate (Leipzig, 1914, 2/1955)
A. Lavignac and L. de La Laurencie, eds.: Encyclopédie de la musique et dictionnaire du Conservatoire
Acta musicologica
A.W. Ambros: Geschichte der Musik (Leipzig, 1862-82/R)
Revista de musicología
Cardiff, Public Libraries, Central Library
N. Fortune: Italian Secular Song from 1600 to 1635: the Origins and Development of Accompanied Monody (diss., U. of Cambridge, 1954)
H. Kretzschmar: Geschichte des neuen deutschen Liedes (Leipzig, 1911/R)
Rivista italiana di musicologia
The New Oxford History of Music (Oxford, 1954-90)
Dizionario enciclopedico universale della musica e dei musicisti
Rivista musicale italiana
J. Hawkins: A General History of the Science and Practice of Music (London, 1776)
Music Review
Journal of the Royal Musical Association
Recherches sur la musique française classique
C. Burney: A General History of Music from the Earliest Ages to the Present Period (London, 1776-89); ed. F. Mercer (London, 1935/R) [p. nos. refer to this edn]
Dansk aarbog for musikforskning
F. Blume: Die evangelische Kirchenmusik (Potsdam, 1931-4/R, enlarged 2/1965 as Geschichte der evangelischen Kirchenmusik; Eng. trans., enlarged, 1974, as Protestant Church Music: a History)
Proceedings of the Royal Musical Association
C. von Winterfeld: Der evangelische Kirchengesang und sein Verhältniss zur Kunst des Tonsatzes (Leipzig, 1843-7/R)