- Charles Barber
- and Irina Boga
(b Roman, 28 June 1912; d Paris, 14 Aug 1996). Romanian conductor. Raised in the town of Iaşi, Celibidache began early piano studies there. In 1936 he entered the Hochschule für Musik in Berlin, where his teachers included Fritz Stein, Heinz Thiessen (composition), Kurt Thomas, and Walter Gmeindl (conducting). In the same period he also studied musicology, aesthetics, and philosophy at Berlin’s Friedrich-Wilhelm University, and was introduced by Martin Steinke to the principles of Zen Buddhism, an outlook that was to influence the rest of his life. By the end of the war he had taken the doctorate at the university with a dissertation on Josquin Des Prez, conducted numerous student ensembles, and won first prize in a conducting competition. By a stroke of fortune, his career started at the top. In ...