- Jean Gallois
(b Paris, 20 Jan 1855; d Limay, nr Mantes, Yvelines, 10 June 1899). French composer.
The son of Prosper Chausson (1804–94), a public works contractor, and Stéphanie Levrault (1820–88), he was brought up in a comfortable but protective family environment (though his two elder brothers died at the ages of 22 and six). The young Ernest was entrusted to a tutor, Brethous-Lafargue, who stimulated his interests in reading, drawing, attending exhibitions and concerts, and who obtained his entrance at about the age of 16 to various Parisian salons, including those of Musset’s godmother Mme Jobert and then of Mme Saint-Cyr de Rayssac. There he rubbed shoulders with Fantin-Latour, Odilon Redon, Chenavard, the Abbé Lacaria and the young d’Indy, and broadened his musical knowledge by getting to know the great works of musical Romanticism (Schubert, Schumann and Mendelssohn), some works of Bach, and Beethoven’s symphonies played as piano duets....