Cithrinchen [bell guittern] (Ger. Hamburger Cithrinchen)
- James Tyler
A type of Cittern with a unique bell-like shape. It appeared in the second half of the 17th century, retaining many important structural characteristics of the earlier cittern, such as the very shallow soundbox tapering from the back of the neck to the bottom of the instrument. It also has the traditional cittern neck, half of which is cut away to provide a channel along which the player can slide his or her thumb, thereby ensuring stability when his or her left hand is required to make rapid shifts in position up and down the neck. As on older citterns, there were 18 chromatically placed frets inlaid into the fingerboard. It was normally played with a plectrum....