Garcia, José Maurício Nunes
- Gerard Béhague
(b Rio de Janeiro, 22 Sept 1767; d Rio de Janeiro, 18 April 1830). Brazilian composer. He was the most important composer of his time in Brazil, where he is generally referred to as José Maurício.
He was the son of a modest lieutenant, Apolinário Nunes Garcia, and a black woman, Victoria Maria da Cruz. There is no evidence that he studied music at the Fazenda Santa Cruz, established by the Jesuits outside Rio de Janeiro, as has often been reported. It seems that he had some training in solfège under a local teacher, Salvador José, and he did receive formal instruction in philosophy, languages, rhetoric and theology. In ...