Grave (It., Fr.: ‘heavy’, ‘serious’)
- David Fallows
A tempo mark and mood designation. In the early 17th century it had no particular musical meaning: Antonio Brunelli's Ballo grave (1616) and Biagio Marini's Symphonia grave (1617) used it merely as an adjective in the title, and among the Venetian polychoral music of the time the higher and lower choirs were named ...