Show Summary Details

Page of
PRINTED FROM Oxford Music Online. © Oxford University Press, 2019. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single article in Oxford Music Online for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy).


  • Thomas J. Mathiesen,
  • Dimitri Conomos,
  • George Leotsakos,
  • Sotirios Chianis
  •  and Rudolph M. Brandl


Country in the eastern Mediterranean with a population of around 10·5 million and an area of 131,957 km². The modern nation state gained independence from the Ottoman Empire between 1821 and 1829. As a region, Greece has a long and varied history.

The modern (Demotic) language is remarkably similar to that of ancient Greece. However, there are important differences, and ancient and modern Greek are transliterated differently below. The transliteration of ancient Greek, also used here for bibliographic citations, follows the system commonly adopted by classical scholars, and marks the difference between the long and short ‘e’ and ‘o’ with a macron. Transliteration of modern Greek is more problematic as there is no one widely accepted system. That adopted here attempts to provide a guide to pronunciation while enabling the reader to discern the original Greek characters....

You do not currently have access to this article


Please login to access the full content.


Please subscribe to access the full content.

C. Sachs: The History of Musical Instruments (New York, 1940)
The New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians
Journal of Musicology
Gesellschaft für Musikforschung: Kongress-Bericht [1950-]
Die Musik in Geschichte und Gegenwart
Acta musicologica
Jahrbuch des Staatlichen Instituts für Musikforschung Preussischer Kulturbesitz
Musica disciplina
Jahrbuch der Musikbibliothek Peters
Musical Quarterly
Journal of Music Theory
Die Musikforschung
O. Strunk: Source Readings in Music History (New York, rev. 2/1998 by L. Treitler)
Journal of the American Musicological Society
Archiv für Musikwissenschaft
Deutsches Jahrbuch der Musikwissenschaft
Zeitschrift für Musikwissenschaft
The New Oxford History of Music (Oxford, 1954-90)