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Harpsichord (Dutch klavecimbel; Fr. clavecin; Ger. Cembalo, Clavicimbal, Flügel, Kielflügel; It. cembalo, clavicembalo; Lat. clavicembalum; Port. cravo; Sp. clave, clavicordio)locked

  • Edwin M. Ripin,
  • Howard Schott,
  • John Koster,
  • Denzil Wraight,
  • Beryl Kenyon de Pascual,
  • G. Grant O’Brien,
  • Alfons Huber,
  • William R. Dowd,
  • Charles Mould,
  • Lance Whitehead
  •  and Martin Elste


A stringed keyboard instrument, classified by Hornbostel and Sachs as a box zither; it is distinguished from the clavichord and the piano by the fact that its strings are plucked rather than struck, and characterized by an elongated wing shape like that of a grand piano. As in the grand piano, this shape results from the fact that the strings, growing progressively longer from treble to bass, run directly away from the player, in contrast to the oblique stringing of a spinet and the transverse stringing of a virginal. ‘Harpsichord’ is also used as a generic term (equivalent to Ger. ...

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Zeitschrift der Internationalen Musik-Gesellschaft
M. Mersenne: Harmonie universelle
Tijdschrift van de Vereniging voor Nederlandse muziekgeschiedenis [and earlier variants]
Archiv für Musikforschung
Madrid, Biblioteca Nacional
Anuario musical
Galpin Society Journal
Journal of the American Musical Instrument Society
C. Burney: The Present State of Music in France and Italy (London, 1771, 2/1773)
Analecta musicologica
Revista de musicología
S. Virdung: Musica getutscht (Basle, 1511/R)
D.H. Boalch: Makers of the Harpsichord and Clavichord 1440 to 1840
Early Music
M. Praetorius: Theatrum instrumentorum [pt ii/2 of PraetoriusSM]
Music & Letters
Proceedings of the Royal Musical Association
C. Burney: The Present State of Music in Germany, the Netherlands, and the United Provinces (London, 1773, 2/1775)
Musical Quarterly
Revue musicale
R.M.A. [Royal Musical Association] Research Chronicle