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Instruments, classification oflocked

  • Klaus Wachsmann,
  • Margaret J. Kartomi,
  • Erich M. von Hornbostel
  •  and Curt Sachs


‘Musical instrument’ is a self-explanatory term for an observer in his own society; it is less easy to apply on a worldwide scale because the notion of music itself in such a wide context escapes definition. Hornbostel (1933, p.129) advised that ‘for purposes of research everything must count as a musical instrument with which sound can be produced intentionally’, and wrote of sound-producing instruments, or, for short, sound instruments. The German word ‘Instrumentenkunde’ and its English equivalent ‘organology’ avoid the issue by taking the reference to sound or music for granted. Hood (...

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Die Musikforschung
Journal of the International Folk Music Council
International Musicological Society: Congress Report [1930-]
Yearbook of the International Folk Music Council
Acta musicologica
Galpin Society Journal
C. Sachs: The History of Musical Instruments (New York, 1940)