Johannes Scottus Eriugena [John Scotus Erigena; John the Scot]
- Lawrence Gushee
- and Bradley Jon Tucker
(b Ireland, c810; d ?England, c877). Theologian, philosopher and translator. He arrived in Gaul in about 845 and taught grammar and dialectic at the palace school of Charles the Bald, of which he is also thought to have been the head for a time. The story told by William of Malmesbury that he died in England, stabbed to death by the pens of his pupils, is considered legend. His early theological writings rendered him open to attack in the late 850s. Between about 860 and 865 he translated a number of works from Greek at the behest of Emperor Charles. His masterpiece, the ...