- Lyudmila Kovnatskaya
City in Russia. Founded in 1703, it was the national capital until 1918. It has been known as Petrograd (1914–23), Peterburg (1923–4) and Leningrad (1924–91). It is one of the leading cultural centres of present-day Russia.
From its foundation St Petersburg was at the fore of Russian musical culture. Under Peter the Great art assumed a new national significance, and the role of music was reinforced, in the church, at court and in everyday urban life....