- Bernhard Billeter
(b Geneva, 15 Sept 1890; d Naarden, 21 Nov 1974). Swiss composer. He was the tenth and youngest child of a Calvinist minister. His ancestors were of French descent, and as Huguenots fled to Geneva in the 18th century. Martin began to compose when he was eight years old. He had only one music teacher, Joseph Lauber, who had studied in Zürich and Munich, and who taught Martin the piano, harmony and composition, but not counterpoint. Martin never went to a conservatory: although he knew at the age of 16 that he wanted to be a musician, and already had something to offer as a composer, he began to study mathematics and physics at his parents’ wish, but did not complete the course. After World War I he lived in Zürich, Rome and Paris. In ...